Volume 115, Issue 1, January 2004
Index of content:
- NOISE: ITS EFFECTS AND CONTROL 
115(2004); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1631830View Description Hide Description
The sound transmission characteristics of a Tee-junction formed by a sidebranch and an infinitely long duct are investigated numerically using the finite element method. The associated corrections of the branch length and the upstream duct length are also discussed in detail. The types of branch resonance that result in strong or weak sound transmission across the junction are determined and their effects on the length corrections examined. Results suggest that the type of sidebranch, the branch width, the branch length, and the order and the form of the resonance affect more significantly the length corrections of the duct section. The excitation of nonplanar higher branch modes gives rise to rapid increase in the duct length corrections and also results in lower sound transmission.
115(2004); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1631940View Description Hide Description
Multichannel active control has been applied to the global reduction of tonal noise from a cooling fan. In order to achieve consistent far-field attenuation of multiple harmonics of the blade passage frequency (BPF) of the fan, an analytical model has been applied to the control system in order to determine appropriate transducer configurations. The results of the modeling show that the additional global reduction possible by locating acoustically compact secondary sources coplanar with a compact primary source rapidly lessens as the number of symmetrically placed sources is increased beyond three. Furthermore, the model suggests that there are locations in the extreme near field of the sources that can be considered ideal for the minimization of far-field radiated power. Experiments carried out show that a four-channel control system is more effective than a two-channel system at achieving far-field attenuations, especially at the higher harmonics of the BPF for the fan tested. In addition, greater far-field mean-square pressure attenuations are achieved with the error microphones located along the calculated ideal regions than for nonideal placement.
115(2004); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1615569View Description Hide Description
Efforts to characterize nonoccupational noise exposures have focused primarily on infrequent, episodic events. Few studies have assessed noise levels resulting from routine daily activities. In the current study, 112 construction workers wore datalogging noise dosimeters and simultaneously completed activity logs during two phases of data collection. The 81 subjects monitored in phase 1 received logs listing numerous preselected occupational and nonoccupational activities, while the 31 subjects monitored in phase 2 used free-field logs and reported nonoccupational activities in greater detail. Nearly all of the 221 439 1-min intervals of nonoccupational level and activity reporting were below 70 dBA; only a small percentage exceeded 80 dBA. The primary contributor to nonoccupational noise exposure was traveling in a car or bus, while time at home contributed the least. One hundred seventy 24-h levels were computed from the 1-min noise level data. The percentage of phase 2 workday levels which exceeded 80 dBA was higher than that of the nonworkday levels. The mean level of phase 2 workdays was higher than that of nonworkdays, and the difference was statistically significant. Routine nonoccupational noise exposures contributed much less to total noise dose than occupational exposures in the subjects evaluated.