Volume 115, Issue 1, January 2004
Index of content:
- UNDERWATER SOUND 
115(2004); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1631939View Description Hide Description
A rigorous application of the traditional definition of sonar equation terms leads to the appearance of an unexpected factor, not routinely included, equal to the ratio of the characteristic impedance at the receiver to that at the source. An omission of this factor can lead to non-negligible errors for realistic conditions. It is further argued that a gradual change in the de facto definition of propagation loss occurred between 1965 and 1980. Two alternatives to the traditional sonar equation are suggested, each using one of the two propagation loss definitions and both eliminating the unwanted impedance ratio.
115(2004); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1635408View Description Hide Description
Tabu is a global optimization technique that has been very successful in operations research. In this paper, a Tabu-based method is developed for source localization and geoacoustic inversion with underwater sound data; the method relies on memory to guide the multiparameter search. Tabu is evaluated through a comparison to simulating annealing. Both methods are tested by inverting synthetic data for various numbers of unknown parameters. Tabu is found to be superior to the simulated annealing variant implemented here in terms both of accuracy and efficiency. Inversion results from the SWellEX-96 data set are also presented.