Index of content:
Volume 115, Issue 3, March 2004
- SPEECH PERCEPTION 
Intelligibility of bandpass filtered speech: Steepness of slopes required to eliminate transition band contributions115(2004); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1646404View Description Hide Description
Despite the recognition that the steepness of filter slopes can play an important role in the intelligibility of bandpass speech, there has been no systematic examination of its importance. The present study used high orders of finite impulse response (FIR) filtering to produce slopes ranging from 150 to 10 000 dB/octave. The slopes flanked 1/3-octave passbands of everyday sentences having a center frequency of 1500 Hz (the region of highest intelligibility for the male speaker’s voice). Presentation levels were approximately 75 and 45 dB. No significant differences were found for the two presentation levels. Average intelligibility scores ranged from 77% at 150 dB/octave down to the asymptotic intelligibility score of 12% at 4800 dB/octave. These results indicate that slopes of several thousand dB/octave may be required for accurate and unambiguous specification of the range of frequencies contributing to intelligibility of filtered speech. In addition, the extremely steep slopes are needed to ensure that none of the spectral components contributing to intelligibility has its relative importance diminished by spectral tilt.