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Volume 115, Issue 6, June 2004
- ACOUSTICAL MEASUREMENTS AND INSTRUMENTATION 
115(2004); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1738840View Description Hide Description
A method for estimating waveform aberration from random scatterers in medicalultrasound imaging has been derived and its properties investigated using two-dimensional simulations. The method uses a weighted and modified cross-spectrum in order to estimate arrival time and amplitude fluctuations from received signals. The arrival time and amplitude fluctuations were used in a time delay, and a time delay and amplitude aberration correction filter, for evaluation of the retransmitted aberration corrected signal. Different types of aberration have been used in this study. First, aberration was concentrated on the plane of the transmitting/receiving array. Second, aberration was generated with a distributed aberrator. Both conditions emulated aberration from the human abdominal wall. Results show that for the concentrated aberrator, arrival time and amplitude fluctuations were estimated in close agreement with reference values. The reference values were obtained from simulations with a point source in the focal point of the array. Correction of the transmitted signal with a time delay, and a time delay and amplitude filter produced approximately equal correction as with point source estimates. For the distributed aberrator, the estimator performance degraded significantly. Arrival time and amplitude fluctuations deviated from reference values, leading to a limited correction of the retransmitted signal.