Volume 116, Issue 2, August 2004
Index of content:
- ARCHITECTURAL ACOUSTICS 
Statistical-acoustics models of energy decay in systems of coupled rooms and their relation to geometrical acoustics116(2004); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1763974View Description Hide Description
An improved statistical-acoustics model of high-frequency sound fields in coupled rooms is developed by incorporating into prior models geometrical-acoustics corrections for both energy decay within subrooms and energy transfer between subrooms. The conditions under which statistical-acoustics models of coupled rooms are valid approximations to geometrical acoustics are examined by comparison of computational geometrical-acoustics predictions of decay curves in two- and three-room systems with those of both improved and prior statistical-acoustics models. The accuracy of the decay model used within subrooms is found to have a primary influence on the accuracy of predictions in coupled systems. Likewise, nondiffuse transfer of energy is shown to significantly affect decay of energy in systems of coupled rooms. The decrease in energy density of the reverberant field with distance from the source, which is predicted by geometrical acoustics, is found to result in spatial dependence of decay-curve shape for certain coupling geometries. Geometrical effects are shown to contribute to the failure of statistical-acoustics models in the case of strong coupling between subrooms; thus, previously proposed statistical-acoustics criteria cannot predict the point at which the models break down with consistent accuracy.
Improved algorithms and methods for room sound-field prediction by acoustical radiosity in arbitrary polyhedral rooms116(2004); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1772400View Description Hide Description
This paper explores acoustical (or time-dependent) radiosity—a geometrical-acoustics sound-field prediction method that assumes diffuse surface reflection. The literature of acoustical radiosity is briefly reviewed and the advantages and disadvantages of the method are discussed. A discrete form of the integral equation that results from meshing the enclosure boundaries into patches is presented and used in a discrete-time algorithm. Furthermore, an averaging technique is used to reduce computational requirements. To generalize to nonrectangular rooms, a spherical-triangle method is proposed as a means of evaluating the integrals over solid angles that appear in the discrete form of the integral equation. The evaluation of form factors, which also appear in the numerical solution, is discussed for rectangular and nonrectangular rooms. This algorithm and associated methods are validated by comparison of the steady-state predictions for a spherical enclosure to analytical solutions.