Volume 117, Issue 1, January 2005
Index of content:
- SPEECH PERCEPTION 
Enhancing intelligibility of narrowband speech with out-of-band noise: Evidence for lateral suppression at high-normal intensity117(2005); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1835513View Description Hide Description
Previous studies have shown that the intelligibility of filtered speech can be enhanced by filling stopbands with noise. The present study found that this enhancement occurred only when speech intensity was sufficiently high to degrade performance. Intelligibility decreased by about 15% when narrowband speech was increased from 45 to 65 dBA (corresponding to broadband speech levels of about 60 and 80 dBA), and decreased by 20% at a level of 75 dBA. However, when flanking bands of low-pass and high-pass filtered white noise were added at spectrum levels of to relative to the speech, intelligibility of the 75-dBA speech band increased by about 13%. Additional findings confirm that this enhancement of intelligibility depends upon out-of-band stimulation, in agreement with theories proposing that lateral suppressive interactions extend the dynamic range of intensity coding by counteracting effects of auditory-nerve firing-rate saturation at high signal levels.