Index of content:
Volume 117, Issue 1, January 2005
- TRANSDUCTION 
117(2005); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1829259View Description Hide Description
The theoretical response of a 1–3 piezocomposite plate submitted to localized electrical excitation was studied with the theory of guided waves. The theoretical modeling was based on the global matrix method, and the piezocomposite material was considered as a homogeneous medium. To validate the theoretical results, experimental displacement measurements were performed with an interferometric probe on two piezocomposite plates, one with a single element and one with an array of electrodes. The measured response on the single-element plate was mainly supported by the and modes of the plate. Homogenization limits of the composite in terms of frequency and wave number are defined on the basis of data from this sample. Within these limits, the piezocomposite material operates as a homogeneous medium, and comparison between theoretical and experimental results allows the equivalent electroacoustic parameters to be evaluated. A second sample was measured to study the effects of the electrode array on the electroacoustic response of the plate. Two kinds of electrical excitation were studied.
117(2005); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1802536View Description Hide Description
The energy method of calculating the properties of piezoelectricelectroacoustic transducers is considered. The Lagrangian of an electroacoustic transducer as a system performing multiple energy conversions is introduced. The Euler equations describing operation of a transducer with many mechanical degrees of freedom are derived from the least action principle. The corresponding multicontour equivalent circuit of the transducer is introduced. For the particular case of a transducer having one mechanical degree of freedom the governing equations are obtained by applying the Energy Conservation Law, and equivalent circuit with one mechanical branch also introduced. Application of the energy method is illustrated with examples of the pulsating spherical transducer as the one degree of freedom system and the multimode cylindrical transducer comprised of circular rings as the system with multiple degrees of freedom. Advantages of the method for application with electroacoustic transducers are summarized.