Volume 117, Issue 5, May 2005
Index of content:
- AEROACOUSTICS, ATMOSPHERIC SOUND 
117(2005); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1882923View Description Hide Description
The paper contains an analysis of the transmission of a pressure wave through a periodic grating including the influence of the air viscosity. The system of equations in this case consists of the compressible Navier–Stokes equations associated with no-slip boundary conditions on solid surfaces. The problem is reduced to two hypersingular integral equations for determining the velocity components along the slits. These equations are solved by using Galerkin’s method with some special trial functions. The results can be applied in designing protective screens for miniature microphones realized in the technology of micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS). In this case, the physical dimensions of the device are on the order of the viscous boundary layer so that the viscosity cannot be neglected. The microfluidic model of the screen consists of a periodic array of slits in a substrate. The analysis indicates that the openings in the screen should be on the order of 10 μm in order to avoid excessive attenuation of the signal.
117(2005); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1895005View Description Hide Description
Passive acoustic techniques are presented to solve the localization problem of a sound source in three-dimensional space using off-the-shelf hardware. Multiple microphone arrays are employed, which operate independently, in estimating the direction of arrival of sound, or, equivalently, a direction vector from the array’s geometric center towards the source. Direction vectors and array centers are communicated to a central processor, where the source is localized by finding the intersection of the direction lines defined by the direction vectors and the associated array centers. The performance of the method in the air is demonstrated experimentally and compared with a state-of-the-art method that requires centralized digitization of the signals from the microphones of all the arrays.