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Production and perception of clear speech in Croatian and Englisha)
a)Portions of this work were presented at the 147th and 148th meetings of the Acoustical Society of America in New York, NY (May 2004) and San Diego, CA (October 2004).
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10.1121/1.2000788
/content/asa/journal/jasa/118/3/10.1121/1.2000788
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/asa/journal/jasa/118/3/10.1121/1.2000788

Figures

Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

Vowel space area measured as the Euclidean area covered by the triangle defined by the mean of each vowel category for the talker who exhibited the largest effects of vowel space expansion in each language. Solid lines connect the clear speech vowels (circles) and dashed lines connect the conversational speech vowels (triangles).

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Vowel space dispersion measured as the distance of each vowel from the central point in the talker’s space for the talker who exhibited the largest effects of vowel space expansion in each language. Solid lines connect the clear speech vowels (circles) and dashed lines connect the conversational speech vowels (triangles).

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

Vowel peripheralization measured as the Euclidean distance in the space between the average location of each vowel in conversational and in clear speech for the talker who exhibited the largest effects of vowel space expansion in each language. Peripheralization is given for each vowel separately so that the scale (in hertz) could be extended.

Tables

Generic image for table
TABLE I.

The average sentence perception scores (RAU) for each talker in two speaking styles in English and Croatian. The talkers in this and all subsequent tables are ordered by the amount of conversational-to-clear speech intelligibility gain as a proportion of the conversational intelligibility score (clear-conversational/conversational).

Generic image for table
TABLE II.

The total number of pauses, average pause duration (s), speaking rate (syll/s), and pitch range (semitones) results for each talker in two speaking styles in English and Croatian.

Generic image for table
TABLE III.

Vowel space area , vowel space dispersion (Hz), and vowel peripheralization (Hz) results for each English and Croatian talker in two speaking styles. Negative sign indicates vowel space area reduction and a move towards the vowel space center rather than towards the periphery for talker EF1.

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/content/asa/journal/jasa/118/3/10.1121/1.2000788
2005-09-01
2014-04-24
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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Production and perception of clear speech in Croatian and Englisha)
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/asa/journal/jasa/118/3/10.1121/1.2000788
10.1121/1.2000788
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