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Volume 118, Issue 6, December 2005
- ACOUSTICAL MEASUREMENTS AND INSTRUMENTATION 
A three-dimensional sound intensity measurement system for sound source identification and sound power determination by ln modelsa)118(2005); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2126929View Description Hide Description
This paper describes a full vector intensity probe which advances the field of sound intensity and sound source direction estimation using six matched rotating and variable directional microphones. The probe has three pairs of microphones at an equal spacing of 30 mm that are set up in each of the , , and directions and share the same observation point. The calibration method using the rotating microphone system is effective to correct position errors in the - and -axes microphone pairs. Sound intensity measurements using the variable directional microphone method can locate with accuracy a sound source, i.e., the structure parts radiating most acoustic energy. The system can find the maximum sound intensity level and beamwidth of the major lobe, and the peak sound intensity levels of the minor lobes. Therefore, a procedure for sound power determination based on minimum measurement data is theoretically and experimentally discussed. Consequently, it is possible to reconstruct only parts of the system emitting the most noise and measure efficiently the sound power level.