Index of content:
Volume 119, Issue 1, January 2006
- NOISE: ITS EFFECTS AND CONTROL 
119(2006); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2133715View Description Hide Description
The acoustic transmission loss of a finite periodic array of long rigid cylinders, without and with porous absorbent covering, is studied both theoretically and in the laboratory. A multiple scattering model is extended to allow for the covering and its acoustical properties are described by a single parameter semi-empirical model. Data from laboratory measurements and numerical results are found to be in reasonable agreement. These data and predictions show that porous covering reduces the variation of transmission loss with frequency due to the stop∕pass band structure observed with an array of rigid cylinders with similar overall radius and improves the overall attenuation in the higher frequency range. The predicted sensitivities to covering thickness and effective flow resistivity are explored. It is predicted that a random covered array also gives better attenuation than a random array of rigid cylinders with the same overall radius and volume fraction.
119(2006); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2141361View Description Hide Description
This study addresses the problem of noise reduction using piezoelements. The nonlinear technique, synchronized switch damping (SSD), is implemented. The device is a pulse-tube termination equipped with piezoelements, which allows performant damping of the vibration resulting from an incident acoustic wave. Due to this damping, both reflected and transmitted wave are reduced. In the semipassive damping approach proposed in this paper, energy degradation is strongly enhanced when the piezoelements are continuously switched from open to short circuit synchronously to the strain. This technique has been developed following two strategies. The first is SSD on a short circuit in which the piezoelement is always in open circuit, except for a very brief period at each strain extremum where it is short-circuited. The second approach is SSD on an inductor. The process is very similar, except that instead of forcing the voltage to zero, the voltage is exactly reversed using a controlled oscillating discharge of the piezoelement capacitor on an inductor during switch drive. Due to this switching mechanism, a phase shift appears between the strain and the resulting voltage, thus creating energy dissipation. Following SSD on an piezoelement, attenuations of in reflection and in transmission were obtained.