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Nonoptimal propagation of advertisement calls of midwife toads in Iberian habitats
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10.1121/1.2149769
/content/asa/journal/jasa/119/2/10.1121/1.2149769
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/asa/journal/jasa/119/2/10.1121/1.2149769

Figures

Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

Oscillograms and power spectra of representative advertisement calls used for sound propagation experiments: (a) Alytes cisternasii and (b) A. obstetricans Air temperatures during recordings of these calls were and , respectively.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Excess attenuation of pure tones measured in different habitats at (squares), (standing triangles), (inverted triangles), and (diamonds) relative to SPLs at from the loudspeaker.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

Excess attenuation of playback calls of Alytes cisternasii and A. obstetricans measured in different habitats at (squares), (standing triangles), (inverted triangles), and (diamonds) relative to SPLs at from the loudspeaker. Each symbol represents the average for the calls of a species at a given distance. Abbreviations: AC: A. cisternasii, AO: A. obstetricans.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

Excess attenuation of the calls of A. cisternasii (circles) and A. obstetricans (squares) in conspecific (open symbols) and allospecific (filled symbols) localities. Symbols and bars indicate averages and standard errors for five localities, respectively.

Tables

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TABLE I.

Environmental conditions in the study sites of propagation of vocalizations of A. cisternasii and A. obstetricans in the Iberian Peninsula.

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TABLE II.

Size and dominant frequencies of the advertisement calls of populations of Alytes included in this study. Averages and ranges in parentheses.

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TABLE III.

ANOVA for excess attenuation of pure tones in the study sites of propagation of vocalizations of A. cisternasii and A. obstetricans in the Iberian Peninsula.

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TABLE IV.

ANOVA for excess attenuation of calls in the study sites of propagation of vocalizations of A. cisternasii and A. obstetricans in the Iberian Peninsula.

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/content/asa/journal/jasa/119/2/10.1121/1.2149769
2006-02-01
2014-04-24
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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Nonoptimal propagation of advertisement calls of midwife toads in Iberian habitats
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/asa/journal/jasa/119/2/10.1121/1.2149769
10.1121/1.2149769
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