Volume 119, Issue 4, April 2006
Index of content:
- STRUCTURAL ACOUSTICS AND VIBRATION 
119(2006); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2141228View Description Hide Description
Collocated direct velocity feedback with ideal point force actuators mounted on structures is unconditionally stable and generates active damping. When inertial actuators are used to generate the control force, the system can become unstable even for moderate velocity feedback gains due to an additional phase lag introduced by the fundamental axial resonant mode of the inertial actuator. In this study a relative velocity sensor is used to implement an inner velocity feedback loop that generates internal damping in a lightweight, electrodynamic, inertial actuator. Simulation results for a model problem with the actuator mounted on a clamped plate show that, when internal relative velocity feedback is used in addition to a conventional external velocity feedback loop, there is an optimum combination of internal and external velocity feedback gains, which, for a given gain margin, maximizes vibration reduction. These predictions are validated in experiments with a specially built lightweight inertial actuator.
Near-irreversibility in a conservative linear structure with singularity points in its modal density119(2006); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2179747View Description Hide Description
Through two complementary approaches, using modal response and wave propagation, the analyses presented here show the conditions under which a decaying impulse response, or a nearly irreversible energy trapping, takes place in a linear conservative continuous system. The results show that the basic foundation of near-irreversibility or apparent damping rests upon the presence of singularity points in the modal density of dynamic systems or, analogously, in the wave-stopping properties associated with these singularities. To illustrate the concept of apparent damping in detail, a simple undamped beam is modified to introduce a singularity point in its modal density distribution. Simulations show that a suitable application of a compressive axial force to an undamped beam placed on an elastic foundation attenuates its impulse response with time and develops the characteristics of a nearly irreversible energy trap.
The modeling of the radiation and response Green’s function of a fluid-loaded cylindrical shell with an external compliant layer119(2006); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2173068View Description Hide Description
Scattering and radiation of acoustic waves from a fluid-loaded cylindrical shell with an external compliant layer are of interest. The compliant layer can be modeled by a normally reacting impedance layer, which has the advantage that complex compliant layer geometries, such as partial compliant layers, can be considered. A question may, however, arise as to the accuracy of this approach. A more rigorous approach is to model the elastic shell and compliant layer using a multilayer shell theory, which has the disadvantage that it cannot be extended to consider partial layers. In this paper scattering results from the normally reacting compliant layer model are compared to those from the multilayershell model to show that the two approaches produce similar results, except for thickness resonances of the compliant layer. Having established the consistency between the two approaches, results for the far-field acoustic radiation as a function of frequency and radiation angle for a fluid-loaded shell with an external compliant layer excited by an internal ring force are obtained using the normally reacting impedance layer model. These results clearly show the reduction in the far field radiation due to the presence of the compliant layer.
119(2006); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2178704View Description Hide Description
The purpose of this work is to demonstrate the ability of a distributed control system, based on a smart sensor network, to reduce acoustic radiation from a vibrating structure. The platform from which control is effected consists of a network of smart sensors, each referred to as a node. Each node possesses its own computational capability, sensor, actuator and the ability to communicate with other nodes via a wired or wireless network. The primary focus of this work is to employ existing group management middleware concepts to enable vibro-acoustic control with such a distributed network. Group management middleware is distributed software that provides for the establishment and maintenance of groups of distributed nodes and that provides for the network communication among such groups. The control objective is met by designing distributed feedback compensators that take advantage of node groups in order to effect their control. The node groups are formed based on physical proximity. The global control objective is to minimize the radiated sound power from a rectangular plate. Results of this investigation demonstrate that such a distributed control system can achieve attenuations comparable to those achieved by a centralized controller.