Index of content:
Volume 119, Issue 6, June 2006
- PHYSIOLOGICAL ACOUSTICS 
119(2006); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2200068View Description Hide Description
Biasing of the cochlear partition with a low-frequency tone can produce an amplitude modulation of distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) in gerbils. In the time domain, odd- versus even-order DPOAEs demonstrated different modulation patterns depending on the bias tone phase. In the frequency domain, multiple sidebands are presented on either side of each DPOAE component. These sidebands were located at harmonic multiples of the biasing frequency from the DPOAE component. For odd-order DPOAEs, sidebands at the even-multiples of the biasing frequency were enhanced, while for even-order DPOAEs, the sidebands at the odd-multiples were elevated. When a modulation in DPOAE magnitude was presented, the magnitudes of the sidebands were enhanced and even greater than the DPOAEs. The amplitudes of these sidebands varied with the levels of the bias tone and two primary tones. The results indicate that the maximal amplitude modulations of DPOAEs occur at a confined bias and primary level space. This can provide a guide for optimal selections of signal conditions for better recordings of low-frequency modulated DPOAEs in future research and applications. Spectral fine-structure and its unique relation to the DPOAE modulation pattern may be useful for direct acquisition of cochlear transducer nonlinearity from a simple spectral analysis.
Hybrid measurement of auditory steady-state responses and distortion product otoacoustic emissions using an amplitude-modulated primary tone119(2006); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2197789View Description Hide Description
A maximum auditory steady-state response (ASSR) amplitude is yielded when the ASSR is elicited by an amplitude-modulated tone with a fixed modulation frequency , whereas the maximum distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) level is yielded when the DPOAE is elicited using a fixed frequency ratio of the primary tones . When eliciting the DPOAE and ASSR by the same tone pair, optimal stimulation is present for either DPOAE or ASSR and thus adequate simultaneous DPOAE/ASSR measurement is not possible across test frequency or , respectively. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether the ASSR and DPOAE can be measured simultaneously without notable restrictions using a DPOAE stimulus setting in which one primary tone is amplitude modulated. A DPOAE of frequency and ASSR of modulation frequency were measured in ten normal hearing subjects at a test frequency between 0.5 and . The decrease in the DPOAE level and the loss in ASSR amplitude during hybrid mode stimulation amounted, on average, to only [standard deviation ] and , respectively. These findings suggest simultaneous DPOAE and ASSR measurements to be feasible across all test frequencies when using a DPOAE stimulus setting where the primary tone is amplitude modulated.
119(2006); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2200048View Description Hide Description
Distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) fine structure has been attributed to the interaction of two cochlear-source mechanisms (distortion and reflection sources). A suppressor presented near the frequency reduces the reflection-source contribution and, therefore, DPOAE fine structure. Optimal relationships between stimulus and suppressor conditions, however, have not been described. In this study, the relationship between suppressor level and stimulus level was evaluated to determine the that was most effective at reducing fine structure. Subjects were initially screened to find individuals who produced DPOAE fine structure. A difference in the prevalence of fine structure in two frequency intervals was observed. At , 11 of 12 subjects exhibited fine structure, as compared to 5 of 22 subjects at . Only subjects demonstrating fine structure participated in subsequent measurements. DPOAE responses were evaluated in -octave intervals centered at 2 or , with 4 subjects contributing data at each interval. Multiple ’s were evaluated for each , which ranged from SPL. The results indicated that one or more ’s at each were roughly equally effective at reducing DPOAE fine structure. However, no single was effective at all ’s in every subject.