Sensitivity in discriminating Mandarin contrasts ( in error bars, , , ).
(Color online) Wave forms (top panel) and spectrograms (bottom panel) of affricate (left) and fricative (right) stimuli in Exp. 2. Arrows indicate the location of the maximum amplitude in frication noise.
Phonetic discrimination of 6–8 and -old English- and Mandarin-learning infants on Mandarin contrast (dotted line shows the chance level in Exp 2; in error bars).
Phonetic discrimination of 6–8 and -old English-learning infants on English contrast (dotted line shows the chance level in Exp 3; in error bars).
Acoustic features of Mandarin affricate versus pricative contrasts in experiment 1.
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