Index of content:
Volume 120, Issue 4, October 2006
- AEROACOUSTICS, ATMOSPHERIC SOUND 
Experimental investigation of the effects of water saturation on the acoustic admittance of sandy soils120(2006); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2338288View Description Hide Description
A novel technique for the laboratory characterization of the frequency-dependent acoustic surface admittance of partly saturated samples of sands is presented. The technique is based on a standard laboratory de-watering apparatus coupled with a standard acoustic impedance tube. The dependence of the surface admittance on the degree of water saturation is investigated for two samples of sand with widely different flow resistivities. It is shown that a relatively small change (e.g., from 0% to 11% by volume) in the degree of water saturation can result in a much larger change (e.g., twofold) in the acoustic surface admittance. An empirical relationship is found between the peaks observed in the real part of admittance spectra for the low flow resistivity sand and the degree of water saturation. The data are compared with predictions of two widely used ground impedance models: a semiempirical single parameter model and a two parameter model. A modified two-parameter version of a single-parameter model is found to give comparable fit to the two-parameter model. However, neither model provides an accurate fit.