Volume 121, Issue 6, June 2007
Index of content:
- STRUCTURAL ACOUSTICS AND VIBRATION 
121(2007); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2734402View Description Hide Description
The complex envelope displacement analysis (CEDA) is a procedure to solve high frequency vibration and vibro-acoustic problems, providing the envelope of the physical solution. CEDA is based on a variable transformation mapping the high frequency oscillations into signals of low frequency content and has been successfully applied to one-dimensional systems. However, the extension to plates and vibro-acoustic fields met serious difficulties so that a general revision of the theory was carried out, leading finally to a new method, the complex envelope vectorization (CEV). In this paper the CEV method is described, underlying merits and limits of the procedure, and a set of applications to vibration and vibro-acoustic problems of increasing complexity are presented.
121(2007); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2722051View Description Hide Description
All manned spacecraft are vulnerable to leaks generated by micrometeorite or debris impacts. Methods for locating such leaks using leak-generated, structure-borne ultrasonic noise are discussed and demonstrated. Cross-correlations of ultrasonic noise waveforms from a leak into vacuum are used to find the location of the leak. Four methods for sensing and processing leak noise have been developed and tested and each of these can be used to reveal the leak location. The methods, based on phased-array, distributed sensor, and dual sensor approaches, utilize the propagation patterns of guided ultrasonic Lamb waves in the spacecraft skin structure to find the source or direction of the leak noise. It is shown that each method can be used to successfully locate the leak to within a few millimeters on a aluminum plate. The relative merits of the four methods are discussed.
Measurement of structural intensity using boundary element method-based nearfield acoustical holography121(2007); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2724760View Description Hide Description
The regularization method for measurement of structural intensity (SI) using boundary element method (BEM)-based nearfield acoustical holography (NAH) is proposed. Spatial derivatives of normal displacement are necessary to obtain the structural intensity. The derivative operations amplify high-wavenumber component of measurementnoise and contaminate the measurement result of SI. To overcome this difficulty, regularization method for measurement of SI using fast Fourier transform-based NAH has been introduced. In this paper, this regularization method is modified for the BEM-based NAH. The BEM-based NAH avoids the aperture replication problem; therefore, measurement aperture for BEM-based NAH can be set smaller than that for FFT-based NAH. The effectiveness of the proposed method is demonstrated by experiments.