1887
banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
Theoretical feasibility of suppressing offensive sports chants by means of delayed feedback of sound
Rent:
Rent this article for
USD
10.1121/1.2740054
/content/asa/journal/jasa/122/1/10.1121/1.2740054
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/asa/journal/jasa/122/1/10.1121/1.2740054

Figures

Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

(Color online) Proportion of accurately timed chant segments, as a function of position within a test run ( ; 8 participants, 4 chants, 3 repetitions). The target-to-distracter ratio for this condition was . The delay of the distracter was during the first , then increased up to approximately by slowing the distracter down at a rate of 0.5%/s.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Time shift (delay) of the participant’s recorded chant for which timing correlates optimally to the target chant. Data from each participant, chant, and repetition are shown as separate data points ( ; same condition as Fig. 1 ).

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

Time shift (delay) of the participant’s recorded chant for which timing correlates optimally to the target chant, at a fixed distracter delay of and an increasing distracter loudness ( ; target-to-distracter ratio decreasing at ).

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

Mean normalized correlation coefficient (correlation during test run divided by correlation without distracter) at fixed target-to-distracter ratios of , , 0, and , averaged around instantaneous delays as indicated in the legend, . The error bars indicate the standard error .

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

Mean normalized correlation coefficient at fixed distracter delays of 200, 300, 400, 600, and , averaged around instantaneous target-to-distracter ratios as indicated in the legend, . The error bars indicate the standard error .

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

Mean subjective degree of disruption experienced by participants, as a function of target-to-distracter ratio, rated on a scale from 1 (no disruption) to 5 (absolute disruption). Results are averaged across eight participants and four chants . The error bars indicate the standard error.

Image of FIG. 7.
FIG. 7.

Mean subjective degree of disruption experienced by participants, as a function of distracter delay, rated on a scale from 1 (no disruption) to 5 (absolute disruption). Results are averaged across eight participants and four chants . The error bars indicate the standard error.

Image of FIG. 8.
FIG. 8.

Schematic representation of loudspeaker locations for presentation of the target chant in experiment 2.

Image of FIG. 9.
FIG. 9.

Mean normalized correlation coefficient at fixed target-to-distracter ratios of , , , 0, and , averaged across instantaneous delays between 200 and . The error bars indicate the standard error .

Image of FIG. 10.
FIG. 10.

Mean normalized correlation coefficient at fixed target-to-distracter ratios of , , , 0, and , averaged across instantaneous delays between 200 and . The error bars indicate the standard error .

Tables

Generic image for table
Generic image for table
Generic image for table
Generic image for table
Generic image for table
TABLE I.

Conditions included in experiment 1. Each condition was repeated three times per subject. The presentation order was counterbalanced across participants and repetitions, in order to cancel out any effects of presentation order on the mean results.

Generic image for table
TABLE II.

Conditions included in experiment 2. Each condition was repeated three times per subject. The presentation order was counterbalanced across participants and repetitions, in order to cancel out any effects of presentation order on the mean results.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/asa/journal/jasa/122/1/10.1121/1.2740054
2007-07-01
2014-04-25
Loading

Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Theoretical feasibility of suppressing offensive sports chants by means of delayed feedback of sound
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/asa/journal/jasa/122/1/10.1121/1.2740054
10.1121/1.2740054
SEARCH_EXPAND_ITEM