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Induced loudness reduction (ILR) is a phenomenon by which a preceding higher-level tone (an inducer tone) reduces the loudness of a lower-level tone (a test tone). The strength of this effect depends on a number of parameters, reviewed here. Some of the implications of ILR on loudness data are presented via the analysis of several studies in which ILR likely resulted in otherwise unexplained biases in data sets. These results serve as examples of the pervasiveness of ILR in loudnessmeasurements and indicate that it is necessary to consider ILR when designing any psychoacousticalexperiment in which level varies.


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