Index of content:
Volume 122, Issue 4, October 2007
- STRUCTURAL ACOUSTICS AND VIBRATION 
122(2007); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2769824View Description Hide Description
The validity of using the limp model for porous materials is addressed in this paper. The limp model is derived from the poroelastic Biot model assuming that the frame has no bulk stiffness. Being an equivalent fluid model accounting for the motion of the frame, it has fewer limitations than the usual equivalent fluid model assuming a rigid frame. A criterion is proposed to identify the porous materials for which the limp model can be used. It relies on a new parameter, the frame stiffness influence (FSI), based on porous materialproperties. The critical values of FSI under which the limp model can be used are determined using a one-dimensional analytical modeling for two boundary sets: absorption of a porous layer backed by a rigid wall and radiation of a vibrating plate covered by a porous layer. Compared with other criteria, the criterion associated with FSI provides information in a wider frequency range and can be used for configurations that include vibrating plates.
122(2007); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2767418View Description Hide Description
The classical theory of wave propagation in elastic cylinders is extended to poro-elastic mandrel modes. The classical theory predicts the existence of undamped L modes and damped C, I, and Z modes. These waves also appear in poro-elastic mandrels, but all of them become damped because of viscous effects. The presence of the Biot slow bulk wave in the poro-elastic material is responsible for the generation of additional mandrel modes. One of them was already discussed by Feng and Johnson, and the others can be grouped together as so-called D modes. The damping of these D modes is at least as high as the damping of the free-field slow wave.
122(2007); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2775322View Description Hide Description
It is shown in this paper that the conventional triangulation technique is not very reliable for locating the impact point even in isotropic plates when the sensors are placed close to the point of strike for two reasons: First, it is difficult to pinpoint the exact time of arrival of the signal and, second, the Lamb modes in a plate are dispersive. Dispersive signals attenuate differently at various frequencies and propagate with different speeds causing distortions in the received signals, and thus introduce error in the time of flight measurement. The triangulation technique assumes that wave speeds in all directions are the same, which is not true for anisotropic plates. Here an alternative approach based on an optimization scheme is proposed to locate the point of impact in isotropic and anisotropic plates. A formulation is presented for the general anisotropic case. Experiments are carried out with an aluminum plate by dropping balls on the plate and picking up acoustic signals at different locations. The impact points predicted by the conventional triangulation technique and the proposed modified method are compared for this isotropic plate. Then it is investigated how the prediction would change if the plate is assumed to have some anisotropy.
Approximate reconstruction of sound fields close to the source surface using spherical nearfield acoustical holography122(2007); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.2770539View Description Hide Description
This paper presents an investigation of the reconstruction of sound field parameters close to the surface of arbitrarily shaped sound sources. The field is reconstructed using nearfield acoustical holography (NAH) in spherical coordinates. Of particular interest are source shapes where the Rayleigh hypothesis is violated. To overcome the limitation of the minimal sphere given by the validity restriction of the Rayleigh hypothesis an algorithm is proposed for extracting local information from the nonconvergent NAH solution. For the assessment of the results an appropriate virtual test rig is developed employing the Kirchhoff–Helmholtz integral theorem.