Skip to main content
banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
1.F. P. Chiaramonti and A. J. Jitendra eds., Workshop on Critical Issues in Microgravity Fluids, Transport, and Reaction Processes in Advanced Human Support Technology, Cleveland, OH, 2005, NASA/TM-2004–212940.
2.E. Ungar, “Single phase vs. two-phase active thermal control systems for space application: A trade study,” AIAA 33rd Aerospace Science Meeting & Exhibit, Reno, NV, 1995, AIAA 95–0634.
3.Y. I. Grigoriev, E. I. Grigorov, V. M. Cykhotsky, Y. M. Prokhorov, G. A. Gorbenko, V. N. Blinkov, I. E. Teniakov, and C. A. Maluhkin, “Two phase heat transport loop of central thermal control system of the international space station ‘Alpha’ Russian segment,” Proceedings of the 31st Heat Transfer Conference, Houston, 1996, pp. 918.
4.L. Chow and R. Parish, “Condensation heat transfer in a microgravity environment,” AIAA 24th Aerospace Science Meeting & Exhibit, Reno, NV, 1986, AIAA-0068.
5.H. K. Cammenga, “Evaporation mechanisms of liquids,” Current Topics in Materials Science, edited by K. Kaldis, North Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam (1980).
6.M. F. Schatz and G. P. Neitzel, “Experiments on thermocapillary instabilities,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 33, 93127 (2001).
7.R. O. Grigoriev, “Control of evaporatively driven instabilities of thin liquid films,” Phys. Fluids 14, 18951909 (2002).
8.S. M. Som, J. T. Kimball, J. C. Hermanson, and J. S. Allen, “Stability and heat transfer characteristics of unsteady condensing and evaporating films,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 50, 19271937 (2007).
9.Z. Q. Chen, J. C. Hermanson, M. A. Shear, and P. C. Pedersen, “Ultrasonic monitoring of interfacial motion of condensing and non-condensing liquid films,” Flow Meas. Instrum. 16, 353364 (2005).
10.P. C. Pedersen, Z. Cakareski, and J. C. Hermanson, “Ultrasound monitoring of film condensation for applications in reduced gravity,” Ultrasonics 38, 468490 (2000).
11.E. W. Lemmon, M. O. McLinden, and D. G. Friend, “Thermophysical properties of fluid systems,” NIST Chemistry WebBook, NIST Standard Reference Database Number 69, edited by P. J. Linstrom and W. G. Mallard, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Washington, D.C., 2005 (

Data & Media loading...


Article metrics loading...



The current work describes a modified time-of-flight ultrasound signal processing technique applied to the study of a distal liquid layer with a free surface. The technique simulates multiple reflections analytically and determines the film thickness by comparison to the measured pulse echo signal. The technique is applied with transducers to an -pentane film condensing on a copper plate. The technique proved capable of measuring liquid thickness from approximately , the acoustic wavelength in pentane, to greater than . Near the lower thickness limit, echoes from the liquid/vapor interface overlap each other and the significantly larger echoes from the metal/liquid interface.


Full text loading...


Access Key

  • FFree Content
  • OAOpen Access Content
  • SSubscribed Content
  • TFree Trial Content
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd