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Perception of rhythmic grouping depends on auditory experiencea)
a)Portions of this work were presented in “Perception of Nonlinguistic Rhythmic Stimuli by American and Japanese Listeners,” Proceedings of the International Congress of Acoustics, Kyoto, Japan, April 2004 and “Nonlinguistic rhythm perception depends on culture and reflects the rhythms of speech: Evidence from English and Japanese,” Fourth ASA/ASJ Joint Meeting, Honolulu, November, 2006.
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View: Figures


Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

Amplitude and duration stimulus sequences. Every second tone had a different amplitude or duration. Stimuli consisted of a basic tone ( , complex; 150 or duration) alternating with a second tone of increased amplitude (1.5 or 2 times greater) or increased duration (1.25, 1.5, or 3 times greater). (a) Example of tone pair from an amplitude sequence (basic duration , amplitude ). (b) Example of a tone pair from a duration sequence (basic duration , duration ratio 1.5). (c) Example of a complete amplitude sequence. See text for additional stimulus details.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Grouping preferences as a function of native language. (a) Amplitude sequence grouping preferences of English (open symbols, ) and Japanese (filled symbols, ) listeners. The across-subject mean (± s.e.) percentage of sequences heard grouped as soft-loud is shown for two amplitude ratios. Both language groups strongly preferred a loud-soft grouping. (b) Duration sequence grouping preferences. There is a large difference between language groups. English listeners strongly preferred a short-long grouping preference, while Japanese listeners on average did not show a preference.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

Distribution of individual listeners’ grouping preferences. (a) Distribution of amplitude sequence grouping preferences of English (top) and Japanese (bottom) listeners. The distribution shows each listener’s percentage of all amplitude sequences heard as soft-loud. For both English and Japanese listeners, the majority preferred a loud-soft grouping (63% of English listeners; 90% of Japanese listeners), with most participants choosing this preference consistently for all stimuli. (b) Distribution of duration grouping preference for English (top) and Japanese (bottom) listeners. The distribution shows each listener’s percentage of all duration sequences heard as short-long. The large majority of English listeners chose a short-long grouping (77%). In contrast, nearly half (45%) of the Japanese listeners chose the opposite long-short grouping, which English speakers almost never chose. Japanese responses were more varied, and 26% of Japanese listeners chose the short-long grouping. Thin vertical lines delineate regions defined as strong preference (0%–25% and 75%–100% preference).


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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Perception of rhythmic grouping depends on auditory experiencea)