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Listening to every other word: Examining the strength of linkage variables in forming streams of speech
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10.1121/1.2998980
/content/asa/journal/jasa/124/6/10.1121/1.2998980
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/asa/journal/jasa/124/6/10.1121/1.2998980

Figures

Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

Group mean percent correct scores from experiment 1. The upper panel displays the results for the normal rate while the lower panel displays the results for the fast rate. The abscissa indicates the experimental conditions. From the left: no masker (quiet), speech-shaped noise (noise), temporally reversed speech (rev), target and masker both random (ran), target voice fixed (fixTV), target location fixed (fixTL), masker voice fixed (fixMV), and masker location fixed (fixML). The error bars represent standard errors of the means.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Top row: Group mean percent correct scored according to target word position in the sequence. Each column shows the results for a different rate/linkage variable. The parameter in each panel is whether the target (open triangles), masker (open squares), or neither (filled circles) was fixed. The error bars represent standard errors of the means. Bottom row: Group mean benefits provided by fixing linkage variables as a function of word position. The benefits are calculated by subtracting the percent correct score in the random condition from the percent correct score in the test condition.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

Percent correct performance as a function of word position for the four individual subjects in experiment 1. Each row shows the results from a single subject, and each column shows the results for a different rate/linkage variable. The parameter in each panel is whether the target (open triangles), masker (open squares), or neither (filled circles) was fixed.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

Group mean error patterns for experiment 1. The upper panel displays the results for the normal rate while the lower panel displays the results for the fast rate. The abscissa indicates the experimental conditions. Errors are classified as one of three types: masker errors (black), target order errors (gray), or random errors (white) where subjects reported words that were not presented.

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

Group mean percent correct scores from experiment 2. The abscissa indicates the experimental conditions. From the left: no masker (quiet), speech-shaped noise (noise) and temporally reversed speech (rev), target and masker both with random word order (ran), correct target syntax (Tcorr), correct masker syntax (Mcorr), and correct target and masker syntax (TMcorr). The error bars represent standard errors of the means.

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

Top panel: Group mean percent correct scored according to target word position in the sequence. The parameter in each panel is whether the target (open upward-pointing triangles), masker (open squares), target and masker (open left-pointing triangles), or neither (filled circles) had plausible syntax. The error bars represent standard errors of the means. Bottom panel: Group mean benefits provided by giving the target and/or masker-orrect syntax as a function of word position. The benefits are calculated by subtracting the percent correct score in the random condition from the percent correct score in the test condition.

Image of FIG. 7.
FIG. 7.

Percent correct performance as a function of word position for the four individual subjects in experiment 2. Each panel shows the results from a single subject, and the parameter in each panel is whether the target (open upward-pointing triangles), masker (open squares), target and masker (open left-pointing triangles), or neither (filled circles) had plausible syntax.

Image of FIG. 8.
FIG. 8.

Group mean error patterns for experiment 2. The abscissa indicates the experimental conditions. Errors are classified as one of three types: masker errors (black), target order errors (gray), or random errors (white) where subjects reported words that were not presented.

Tables

Generic image for table
TABLE I.

The 40-word corpus arranged in eight rows and five columns where each column is a word category (name, verb, number, adjective, and noun) and a choice of one word from each column in order from left to right would produce a syntactically correct but unpredictable sentence.

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/content/asa/journal/jasa/124/6/10.1121/1.2998980
2008-12-01
2014-04-21
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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Listening to every other word: Examining the strength of linkage variables in forming streams of speech
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/asa/journal/jasa/124/6/10.1121/1.2998980
10.1121/1.2998980
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