No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The role of formant amplitude in the perception of /i/ and /u/
1.Aaltonen, O. (1985). “The effect of relative amplitude levels of F2 and F3 on the categorization of synthetic vowels,” J. Phonetics 13, 1–9.
2.Ainsworth, W. A. , and Millar, J. B. (1972). “The effect of relative formant amplitude on the perceived identity of synthetic vowels,” Lang Speech 15, 328–341.
3.Assmann, P. F. (1991). “The perception of back vowels: Center of gravity hypothesis,” Q. J. Exp. Psychol. 43A, 423–448.
4.Assmann, P. F. , and Nearey, T. M. (1987). “Perception of front vowels: The role of harmonics in the first formant region,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 81, 520–534.
5.Assmann, P. F. , and Summerfield, Q. (1989). “Modeling the perception of concurrent vowels: Vowels with the same fundamental frequency,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 85, 327–338.
6.Bernstein, J. (1981). “Formant-based representation of auditory similarity among vowel-like sounds,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 69, 1132–1144.
7.Bladon, R. A. W. , and Fant, G. (1978). “A two-formant model and the cardinal vowels,” Speech Transm. Lab. Q. Prog. Status Rep. 1, 1–8.
8.Bladon, R. A. W. , and Lindblom, B. (1981). “Modeling the judgement of vowel quality differences,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 69, 1414–1422.
9.Bonneau, A. , and Laprie, Y. (1998). “The effect of modifying formant amplitudes on the perception of French vowels generated by copy synthesis,” in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, Paper No. 260.
10.Bregman, A. S. (1990). Auditory Scene Analysis: The Perceptual Organization of Sound (MIT, Cambridge, MA).
11.Carlson, R. , Fant, G. , and Granström, B. (1975). “Two-formant models, pitch, and vowel perception,” Auditory Analysis and Perception of Speech (Academic, London), pp. 55–82.
12.Carlson, R. , Granström, B. , and Fant, G. (1970). “Some studies concerning perception of isolated vowels,” Speech Transm. Lab. Q. Prog. Status Rep. 11, 19–35.
14.Chistovich, L. A. , and Lublinskaya, V. V. (1979). “The ‘center of gravity’ effect in vowel spectra and critical distance between the formants: Psychoacoustical study of the perception of vowel-like stimuli,” Hear. Res. 1, 185–195.
15.Chistovich, L. A. , Sheiken, R. L. , and Lublinskaja, V. V. (1979). “Centres of gravity and spectral peaks as the determinants of vowel quality,” Frontiers of Speech Communication Research, edited by B. Lindblom and S. Öman, (Academic, London), pp. 143–156.
16.Darwin, C. J. (1981). “Perceptual grouping of speech components differing in fundamental frequency and onset-time,” Q. J. Exp. Psychol. 33A, 185–207.
17.Darwin, C. J. (1984). “Perceiving vowels in the presence of another sound: Constraints on formant perception,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 76, 1636–1647.
19.Delattre, P. , Liberman, A. M. , Cooper, F. S. , and Gerstman, L. J. (1952). “An experimental study of the acoustic determinants of vowel color: Observations on one- and two-formant vowels synthesized from spectrographic patterns,” Word 8, 195–210.
20.Fant, C. G. M. (1956). “On the predictability of formant levels and spectrum envelopes from formant frequencies,” in For Roman Jakobson: Essays on the Occasion of His Sixtieth Birthday, edited by M. Halle, (Mouton, The Hague), pp. 109–120.
21.Fant, G. (1972). “Vocal tract wall effects, losses, and resonance bandwidths,” Speech Transm. Lab. Q. Prog. Status Rep. 13, 28–52.
22.Green, D. M. , and Swets, J. W. (1966). Signal Detection Theory and Psychophysics (Krieger, Huntington, NY).
23.Gumpertz, M. , and Pantula, S. G. (1989). “A simple approach to inference in random coefficient models,” Am. Stat. 43, 203–210.
26.Hillenbrand, J. , Getty, L. A. , Clark, M. J. , and Wheeler, K. (1995). “Acoustic characteristics of American English vowels,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 97, 3099–3111.
27.Ito, M. , Tsuchida, J. , and Yano, M. (2001). “On the effectiveness of whole spectral shape for vowel perception,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 110, 1141–1149.
30.Kakusho, O. , Hirato, H. , and Kato, K. (1971). “Some experiments of vowel perception by harmonic synthesizer,” Acustica 24, 179–190.
31.Kiefte, M. , and Kluender, K. R. (2005). “The relative importance of spectral tilt in monophthongs and diphtongs,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 117, 1395–1404.
32.Kiefte, M. , and Kluender, K. R. (2008). “Absorption of reliable spectral characteristics in auditory perception,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 123, 366–376.
33.Kiefte, M. , Kluender, K. R. , and Rhode, W. S. (2002). “Synthetic speech stimuli spectrally normalized for nonhuman cochlear dimensions,” ARLO 3, 41–46.
35.Klatt, D. H. (1982). “Prediction of perceived phonetic distance from critical-band spectra: A first step,” IEEE Trans. Acoust., Speech, Signal Process. 7, 1278–1281.
36.Klatt, D. H. , and Klatt, L. C. (1990). “Analysis, synthesis, and perception of voice quality variations among female and male talkers,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 87, 820–857.
37.Kluender, K. R. , and Kiefte, M. (2006). “Speech perception within a biologically realistic information-theoretic framework,” Handbook of Psycholinguistics, 2nd ed., edited by M. A. Gernsbacher and M. Traxler, (Elsevier, London), pp. 153–199.
38.Lea, A. P. , and Summerfield, Q. (1994). “Minimal spectral contrast of formant peaks for vowel recognition as a function of spectral slope,” Percept. Psychophys. 56, 379–391.
39.Leek, M. R. , Dorman, M. F. , and Summerfield, Q. (1987). “Minimum spectral contrast for vowel identification by normal-hearing and hearing-impaired listeners,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 81, 148–154.
40.Lindblom, B. , Diehl, R. , and Creeger, C. (2009). “Do ‘dominant frequencies’ explain the listener’s response to formant and spectrum shape variations?,” Speech Commun. 51, 622–629.
41.Lindqvist, J. , and Pauli, S. (1968). “The role of relative spectrum levels in vowel perception,” Speech Transm. Lab. Q. Prog. Status Rep. 9, 12–15.
43.McCullagh, P. , and Nelder, J. A. (1989). Generalized Linear Models, 2nd ed. (Chapman and Hall, London).
44.Miller, J. D. (1984). “Auditory processing of the acoustic patterns of speech,” Arch. Otolaryngol. 110, 154–159.
46.Moore, B. C. J. , and Glasberg, B. R. (1983a). “Masking patterns for synthetic vowels in simultaneous and forward masking,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 73, 906–917.
47.Moore, B. C. J. , and Glasberg, B. R. (1983b). “Suggested formulae for calculating auditory-filter shapes and excitation patterns,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 74, 750–753.
48.Nábĕlek, A. K. , Czyzewski, Z. , and Krishnan, L. A. (1992). “The influence of talker differences on vowel identification by normal-hearing and hearing-impaired listeners,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 92, 1228–1246.
49.Nearey, T. M. , and Assmann, P. F. (1986). “Modeling the role of inherent spectral change in vowel identification,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 80, 1297–1308.
50.Nearey, T. M. , and Kiefte, M. (2003). “Comparison of several proposed representations of vowel spectra,” in Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, pp. 1005–1008.
51.Nearey, T. M. , and Levitt, A. G. (1974). “Evidence for spectral fusion in dichotic release from upward spread of masking,” Haskins Laboratories: Status Rep. Speech Res. SR-39, 81–89.
55.Schafer, R. W. , and Rabiner, L. R. (1970). “System for automatic formant analysis of voiced speech,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 47, 634–648.
56.Schwartz, J. -L. , and Escudier, P. (1989). “A strong evidence for the existence of a large-scale integrated spectral representation in vowel perception,” Speech Commun. 8, 235–259.
57.Stevens, K. N. (1998). Acoustic Phonetics (MIT, Cambridge, MA).
58.Summerfield, Q. , and Assmann, P. F. (1989). “Auditory enhancement and the perception of concurrent vowels,” Percept. Psychophys. 45, 529–536.
59.Summerfield, Q. , Sidwell, A. , and Nelson, T. (1987). “Auditory enhancement of changes in spectral amplitude,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 81, 700–708.
60.Turner, C. W. , and Van Tasell, D. J. (1984). “Sensorineural hearing loss and the discrimination of vowel-like stimuli,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 75, 562–565.
61.Zahorian, S. A. , and Jagharghi, A. J. (1993). “Spectral-shape features versus formants as acoustic correlates for vowels,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 94, 1966–1982.
Article metrics loading...
Full text loading...
Most read this month