Volume 128, Issue 2, August 2010
Index of content:
- ARCHITECTURAL ACOUSTICS 
128(2010); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3455837View Description Hide Description
Just noticeable difference (JND) values are available for most acoustical parameters currently used in practice. However, they have been determined with reference to conditions typically encountered in concert halls and in rooms for speech, covering a range of reverberation times (T) spanning from 0.5 s to 2 s. When reverberation gets longer, the relationship between measured parameters describing acoustic clarity may change significantly and subjective perception might also be different. The proposed research investigates the influence of reverberation time on JND for clarity measures taking into account three reference cases having T values varying from 2 s to 6 s. Measured B-format impulse responses were properly modified to introduce the desired changes and then auralized with two music motifs for presentation on a 4-channel playback system. Listening tests based on paired comparisons were carried out to determine subjective limens. The results proved to be independent of music motifs and showed that JND in the clarity index is almost independent of T, while JND in the center time is significantly related to T and can be assumed as the 8.5% of the reference value.
Acoustic contributions of a sound absorbing blanket placed in a double panel structure: Absorption versus transmission128(2010); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3458845View Description Hide Description
The objective of this paper is to propose a simple tool to estimate the absorption vs. transmission loss contributions of a multilayered blanket unbounded in a double panel structure and thus guide its optimization. The normal incidence airborne sound transmission loss of the double panel structure, without structure-borne connections, is written in terms of three main contributions; (i) sound transmission loss of the panels, (ii) sound transmission loss of the blanket and (iii) sound absorption due to multiple reflections inside the cavity. The method is applied to four different blankets frequently used in automotive and aeronautic applications: a non-symmetric multilayer made of a screen in sandwich between two porous layers and three symmetric porous layers having different pore geometries. It is shown that the absorption behavior of the blanket controls the acoustic behavior of the treatment at low and medium frequencies and its transmission loss at high frequencies. Acoustic treatment having poor sound absorption behavior can affect the performance of the double panel structure.