Index of content:
Volume 128, Issue 3, September 2010
- ULTRASONICS, QUANTUM ACOUSTICS, AND PHYSICAL EFFECTS OF SOUND 
A generalized approach for efficient finite element modeling of elastodynamic scattering in two and three dimensions128(2010); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3467775View Description Hide Description
A robust and efficient technique for predicting the far-field scattering behavior for an arbitrarily-shaped defect in a generally anisotropic medium is presented that can be implemented in a commercial FE package. The spatial size of the modeling domain around the defect is as small as possible to minimize computational expense and a minimum number of models are executed. The method is based on an integral representation of a wave field in a homogeneous anisotropic medium. A plane incident mode is excited by applying suitable forces at nodes on a surface that encloses the scatterer. The scattered wave field is measured at monitoring nodes on a concentric surface and then decomposed into far-field scattering amplitudes of different modes in different directions. Example results for 2D and 3D bulk wave scattering in isotropic material and guided wave scattering are presented. Modeling accuracy is examined in various ways, including a comparison with the analytical solutions and calculation of the energy balance.
128(2010); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3467761View Description Hide Description
In linear propagation, sidelobe levels of Bessel limited diffraction beams are only about 8 dB down relative to the mainlobe. In the nonlinear regime, these beams will have a region near the source where the side-lobe level of the second harmonic is 16 dB down, but this region has usually been considered to be so small that it is of little practical interest. In this paper it is shown that when there are only 1 to 3 sidelobes in a finite aperture Bessel beam, the second harmonic field will have low sidelobes for distances up to half of the depth of field. This result is backed up by simulations. In a medium with absorption, previous theory has shown that the sidelobes of the Bessel beam will also be reduced but only for absorption that was too high to be of practical use. Simulations presented here show that for breast tissue, which only has about 10% of the absorption of previous criteria, one will still get sidelobes which are comparable to that of a rectangular aperture even when the sidelobes would be high in a non-absorbing medium.