Volume 128, Issue 4, October 2010
Index of content:
- NONLINEAR ACOUSTICS 
128(2010); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3474896View Description Hide Description
The computational details related to calculating the acoustic radiation force on an object using a 2-D grid finite-difference time-domain method (FDTD) are presented. The method is based on propagating the stress and velocity fields through the grid and determining the energy flow with and without the object. The axial and radial acoustic radiation forces predicted by FDTD method are in excellent agreement with the results obtained by analytical evaluation of the scattering method. In particular, the results indicate that it is possible to trap the steel cylinder in the radial direction by optimizing the width of Gaussian source and the operation frequency. As the sizes of the relating objects are smaller than or comparable to wavelength, the algorithm presented here can be easily extended to 3-D and include torque computation algorithms, thus providing a highly flexible and universally usable computation engine.
128(2010); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3478787View Description Hide Description
The parametrically driven, damped, inverted pendulum can be dynamically stabilized in particular regions of the parameter space. The impact of damping on dynamic stabilization can be stabilizing or destabilizing depending on the location in parameter space (i.e., drive frequency and amplitude). Floquet analysis and numerical simulations were used to determine the stable regions. An experiment was conducted that verifies the model. Physical explanations and simple bounding approximations are provided to summarize findings. The utility of the highly damped pendulum results are illustrated by drawing the analogy to dynamic stabilization of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability: it permits ready demonstration that dynamic stabilization is impossible in that system absent surface tension.