Skip to main content
banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
1.Buck, J. R. , and Tyack, P. L. (1993). “A quantitative measure of similarity for Tursiops truncatus signature whistles,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 94, 24972506.
2.Ding, W. , Würsig, B. , and Evans, W. (1995). “Comparisons of whistles among seven odontocete species,” in Sensory Systems of Aquatic Mammals, edited by R. A. Kastelein, J. A. Thomas, and P. E. Nachtigall (De Spil, Woerden, The Netherlands), pp. 299323.
3.Ford, J. K. B. , Ellis, G. M. , Barrett-Lennard, L. G. , Morton, A. B. , Palm, R. S. , and Balcom, K. C. , III (1998). “Dietary specialization in two sympatric populations of killer whales (Orcinus orca) in coastal British Columbia and adjacent waters,” Can. J. Zool. 76, 14561471.
4.Johnson, C. S. (1968). “Relation between absolute threshold and duration-of-tone pulses in the bottlenose porpoise,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 43, 757763.
5.Johnson, M. P. , and Tyack, P. L. (2003). “A digital acoustic recording tag for measuring the response of wild marine mammals to sound,” IEEE J. Ocean. Eng. 28, 312.
6.May-Collado, L. , Agnarsson, I. , and Wartzok, D. (2007). “Reexamining the relationship between body size and tonal signals frequency in whales: A comparative approach using a novel phylogeny,” Marine Mammal Sci. 23, 524552.
7.Miller, P. J. O. (2002). “Mixed-directionality of killer whale stereotyped calls: a direction of movement cue?,” Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 52, 262270.
8.Oswald, J. N. , Rankin, S. , and Barlow, J. (2004). “The effect of recording and analysis bandwidth on acoustic identification of delphinid species,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 116, 31783185.
9.Podos, J. , da Silva, V. M. F. , and Rossi-Santos, M. R. (2002). “Vocalizations of Amazon river dolphins, Inia geoffrensis: Insights into the evolutionary origins of delphinid whistles,” Ethology 108, 601612.
11.Simon, M. , McGregor, P. K. , and Ugarte, F. (2007). “The relationship between the acoustic behaviour and surface activity of killer whales (Orcinus orca) that feed on herring (Clupea harengus),” Acta Ethol. 10, 4753.
12.Szymanski, M. D. , Bain, D. E. , Kiehl, K. , Pennington, S. , Wong, S. , and Henry, K. R. (1999). “Killer whale (Orcinus orca) hearing: Auditory brainstem response and behavioural audiograms,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 106, 11341141.
13.Thomsen, F. , Franck, D. , and Ford, J. K. B. (2001). “Characteristics of whistles from the acoustic repertoire of resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) off Vancouver Island, British Columbia,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 109, 12401246.

Data & Media loading...


Article metrics loading...



This study reports that killer whales, the largest dolphin, produce whistles with the highest fundamental frequencies ever reported in a delphinid. Using wide-band acoustic sampling from both animal-attached (Dtag) and remotely deployed hydrophone arrays, ultrasonicwhistles were detected in three Northeast Atlantic populations but not in two Northeast Pacific populations. These results are inconsistent with analyses suggesting a correlation of maximum frequency of whistles with body size in delphinids, indicate substantial intraspecific variation in whistle production in killer whales, and highlight the importance of appropriate acoustic sampling techniques when conducting comparative analyses of sound repertoires.


Full text loading...


Access Key

  • FFree Content
  • OAOpen Access Content
  • SSubscribed Content
  • TFree Trial Content
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd