Volume 129, Issue 4, April 2011
Index of content:
- GENERAL LINEAR ACOUSTICS 
Multiple scattering by random configurations of circular cylinders: Reflection, transmission, and effective interface conditions129(2011); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3546098View Description Hide Description
In a previous paper, Linton and Martin [J. Acoust. Soc. Am.117, 3413–3423 (2005)] obtained two formulas for the effective wavenumber in a dilute random array of circular scatterers. They emerged from a study of the problem of the reflection of a plane wave at oblique incidence to a half-space containing the scatterers. Here, their study is extended to obtain formulas for the reflection and transmission coefficients and to investigate the average fields near the boundary of the half-space. Comparisons with previous work are made.
129(2011); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3552870View Description Hide Description
The coupled mode (CM) and finite-element methods (FEMs) are developed and used to predict the acoustic reflection coefficient of a semi-infinite porous medium with closely spaced two-dimensional (2D) periodical corrugations. These methods are also applied to predict the reflection coefficient of a periodic array of porous corrugations installed on an acoustically rigid surface. It is shown that the predictions by the both methods agree closely. The reflection coefficient and Brewster angle of total refraction for the corrugated semi-infinite medium predicted with these methods are compared against that predicted by the Biot/Tolstoy/Howe/Twersky and extended Twersky models. A similar analysis is carried out for porous corrugations set on a rigid backing. The behavior of the reflection coefficient and the pole in the expression for the reflection coefficient located close to grazing incidence is studied.
129(2011); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3552877View Description Hide Description
Acoustic transmission measurements of compressional, P, and shear, S, wavevelocities rely on correctly identifying the P- and S-body wave arrivals in the measured waveform. In cylindrical samples for which the sample is much longer than the acoustic wavelength, these body waves can be obscured by high-amplitude waveform features arriving just after the relatively small-amplitude P-body wave. In this study, a normal mode approach is used to analyze this type of waveform, observed in sediment containing gas hydrate or ice. This analysis extends an existing normal-mode waveform propagation theory by including the effects of the confining medium surrounding the sample, and provides guidelines for estimating S-wave velocities from waveforms containing multiple large-amplitude arrivals.