Index of content:
Volume 129, Issue 5, May 2011
- STRUCTURAL ACOUSTICS AND VIBRATION 
Structural-acoustic modeling for three-dimensional freefield and littoral environments with verification and validation129(2011); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3569729View Description Hide Description
This paper describes a high-order, finite-element-based, three-dimensional time-harmonic model for large-scale exterior structural-acoustics problems. It is applicable to both freefield and littoral environments. For the freefield case, the infinite exterior is treated as a homogeneous linear acoustic medium. For littoral applications, the water or air and the sediment domains are each treated as linear homogeneous, semi-infinite half-spaces with piecewise-constant properties. Both domains admit complex-valued wave speeds to enable the inclusion of damping. The finite element formulation uses a variational statement which naturally incorporates the transmission-condition at the water or air–sediment interface. The truncation of the infinite exterior is realized using an infinite-element for the freefield case, and the perfectly-matched-layer approximation for littoral applications. Computation of the farfield quantities is done based on an integral representation which, for the littoral cases, uses efficient approximations for the appropriate Green’s function. Numerical computations are presented for a series of progressively more complex problems, and are used to verify the model against analytic and other numerical solutions and validate it based on the experimental data for scattering from elasticscatterers as measured in freefield and sediment pool laboratory facilities.
129(2011); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3562164View Description Hide Description
Previous studies have used the cross-correlation of ambient vibrations (CAV) technique to estimate the impulse response (or Green’s function) between passive sensors for passive imaging purposes in various engineering applications. The technique (CAV) relies on extracting deterministic coherent time signatures from the noise cross-correlation function computed between passive sensors, without the use of controlled active sources. Provided that the ambient structure-borne noise field remains stable, these resulting coherent waveforms obtained from CAV can then be used for structural monitoring even if they differ from the actual impulse response between the passive sensors. This article presents experimental CAV results using low-frequency random vibration data (<50 Hz) collected on an all-aluminum naval vessel (the HSV-2 Swift) operating at high speed (up to 40 knots) during high sea states. The primary excitation sources were strong wave impact loadings and rotating machinery vibrations. The consistency of the CAV results is established by extracting similar coherent arrivals from ambient vibrations between the pairs of strain gages, symmetrically located across the ship’s centerline. The influence of the ship’s operating conditions on the stability of the peak coherent arrival time, during the 7 days trial, is also discussed.