Volume 130, Issue 2, August 2011
Index of content:
- GENERAL LINEAR ACOUSTICS 
130(2011); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3613707View Description Hide Description
In this paper the virtual source technique is used to compute scattering of a plane wave from a periodic oceansurface. The virtual source technique is a method of imposing boundary conditions using virtual sources, with initially unknown complex amplitudes. These amplitudes are then determined by applying the boundary conditions. The fields due to these virtual sources are given by the environment Green’s function. In principle, satisfying boundary conditions on an infinite surface requires an infinite number of sources. In this paper, the periodic nature of the surface is employed to populate a single period of the surface with virtual sources and msurface periods are added to obtain scattering from the entire surface. The use of an accelerated sum formula makes it possible to obtain a convergent sum with relatively small number of terms (∼40). The accuracy of the technique is verified by comparing its results with those obtained using the integral equation technique.
130(2011); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3607417View Description Hide Description
The local resonances of a free isotropic elastic plate are investigated using laser ultrasonic techniques. Experimental results are interpreted in terms of zero group velocity Lamb modes and edge mode. At a distance from the edge larger than the plate thickness a sharp resonance is observed at the frequency where the group velocity of the first symmetrical Lamb mode vanishes. Close to the edge of the plate, the resonance due to the edge mode dominates. Both zero group velocity and edge resonances appear at the theoretically predicted frequencies. These frequencies do not vary with the distance from the edge of the plate and the transition between the two modes of vibration, at about the plate thickness, is abrupt. Using a laser excitation on the edge, the amplitude profile of the normal displacement at the edge resonance frequency was determined.
Acoustic attenuation, phase and group velocities in liquid-filled pipes II: Simulation for spallation neutron sources and planetary exploration130(2011); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3598463View Description Hide Description
This paper uses a Finite Element Method(FEM) to compare predictions of the attenuation and sound speeds of acoustic modes in a fluid-filled pipe with those of the analytical model presented in the first paper in this series. It explains why, when the predictions of the earlier paper were compared with experimental data from a water-filled PMMA pipe, the uncertainties and agreement for attenuation data were worse than those for sound speed data. Having validated the FEM approach in this way, the versatility of FEM is thereafter demonstrated by modeling two practical applications which are beyond the analysis of the earlier paper. These applications model propagation in the mercury-filled steel pipework of the Spallation Neutron Source at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Tennessee), and in a long-standing design for acoustic sensors for use on planetary probes. The results show that strong coupling between the fluid and the solid walls means that erroneous interpretations are made of the data if they assume that the sound speed and attenuation in the fluid in the pipe are the same as those that would be measured in an infinite volume of identical fluid, assumptions which are common when such data have previously been interpreted.