Index of content:
Volume 130, Issue 4, April 2011
- GENERAL LINEAR ACOUSTICS 
130(2011); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3624815View Description Hide Description
In this work, a simple iterative method to solve the acoustic scattering/radiation problems using the boundary integralequation (BIE) formulation is presented. The operator equation obtained in the BIE formulation is converted into a matrix equation using the well-known method of moments solution procedure. The present method requires much fewer mathematical operations per iteration when compared to other available iterative methods. Further, the present iterative method can easily handle multiple incident fields, a highly desirable feature not available in any other iterative method, much the same way as direct solution techniques. Several numerical examples are presented to illustrate the efficiency and accuracy of the method.
130(2011); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3624819View Description Hide Description
In the laboratory setup, a borehole traverses a dry sandstone formation, which is subjected to a controlled uniaxial stress in the direction perpendicular to the borehole axis. Measurements are made in a single loading-unloading stress cycle from zero to 10 MPa and then back down to zero stress. The applied stress and the presence of the borehole induce anisotropy in the bulk of the material and stress concentration around the borehole, both azimuthally and radially. Acoustic waves are generated and detected in the water-filled borehole, including compressional and shear headwaves, as well as modes of monopole, dipole, quadrupole, and higher order azimuthal symmetries. The linear and non-linear elastic parameters of the formation material are independently quantified, and utilized in conjunction with elastictheories to predict the characteristics of various borehole waves at zero and finite stress conditions. For example, an analytic theory is developed which is successfully used to estimate the changes of monopole tube mode at low frequency resulted from uniaxial stress, utilizing the measuredmaterial third order elasticity parameters. Comparisons between various measurements as well as that between experiments and theories are also presented.