No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
Phonemic restoration effect reversed in a reverberant room
1. Allen, J. B. , and Berkley, D. A. (1979). “Image method for efficiently simulating small-room acoustics,” J. Acoust Soc. Am. 65(4), 943–950.
2. Bashford, J. A. , Jr., Riener, K. R. , and Warren, R. M. (1992). “Increasing the intelligibility of speech through multiple phonemic restorations,” Percept. Psychophys. 51(3), 211–217.
3. Baskent, D. (2010). “Phonemic restoration in sensorineural hearing loss does not depend on baseline speech perception scores,” J. Acoust Soc. Am. 128(4), 169–174.
4. Baskent, D. , Eiler, C. L. , and Edwards, B. (2010). “Phonemic restoration by hearing-impaired listeners with mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss,” Hearing Res. 260(1–2), 54–62.
6. Institute of Electical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) (1969). “IEEE recommended practice for speech quality measurements,” IEEE Trans. Audio Electroacoust. 17, 225–246.
10. Miller, G. A. , and Licklider, J. C. R. (1950). “The intelligibility of interrupted speech,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 22(2), 167–173.
11. Nabelek, A. K. , and Robinette, L. (1978). “Influence of the precedence effect on word identification in normally hearing and hearing impaired subjects,” J. Acoust Soc. Am. 63(1), 187–194.
12. Plomp, R. (1976). “Binaural and monaural speech intelligibility of connected discourse in reverberation as a function of azimuth of a single competing sound source (speech or noise),” Acustica. 34, 200–211.
13. Powers, G. L. , and Wilcox, J. C. (1977). “Intelligibility of temporally interrupted speech with and without intervening noise,” J. Acoust Soc. Am. 61(1), 195–199.
14. Shahin, A. J. , and Miller, L. M. (2009). “Multisensory integration enhances phonemic restoration,” J. Acoust Soc. Am. 125(3), 1744–1750.
15. Shinn-Cunningham, B. G. , and Wang, D. (2007). “Influences of auditory object formation on phonemic restoration,” J. Acoust Soc. Am. 123(1), 295–301.
17. Zahorik, P. (2009). “Perceptually relevant parameters for virtual listening simulation of small room acoustics,” J. Acoust Soc. Am. 126(2), 776–791.
Article metrics loading...
Classic demonstrations of the phonemic restoration effect show increased intelligibility of interrupted speech when the interruptions are caused by a plausible masking sound rather than by silent periods. Previous studies of this effect have been conducted exclusively under anechoic or nearly anechoic listening conditions. This study demonstrates that the effect is reversed when sounds are presented in a realistically simulated reverberant room (broadband T 60 = 1.1 s): intelligibility is greater for silent interruptions than for interruptions by unmodulated noise. Additional results suggest that the reversal is primarily due to filling silent intervals with reverberant energy from the speech signal.
Full text loading...
Most read this month