Volume 132, Issue 1, July 2012
Index of content:
- ACOUSTIC SIGNAL PROCESSING 
132(2012); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4728168View Description Hide Description
Head-related transfer functions (HRTFs) vary with individuals, and in practice, measuring HRTFs with high directional resolution for each individual is tiresome. Based on a basis functions representation of HRTFs, the present work proposes a method for recovering individual HRTFs from a small set of measurements. The HRTFs are represented by a combination of a small set of spatial basis functions (SBFs) with frequency- and individual-dependent weights. The SBFs are derived by applying spatial principal component analysis to a baseline HRTF dataset with high directional resolution. The individual weights for any subject outside the dataset are estimated from measurements at a few source directions, and then the HRTFs with high directional resolution are recovered by combining the SBFs and the individual weights. In an illustrative case, the SBFs derived from a baseline dataset that includes 20 subjects are used to recover the HRTF magnitudes for six subjects outside the baseline dataset. Results show that individual HRTF magnitudes can be recovered from measurements at 73 directions with a mean signal-to-distortion ratio of 19 dB. The proposed method is also applicable to recovering head-related impulse responses. The results of psychoacousticexperiments indicate that in most cases the recovered and measured HRTFs are indistinguishable.
132(2012); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4728203View Description Hide Description
The first aim of this paper is to give emphasis to the importance of assessing phase information when reconstructing and mapping a sound field. In fact, in acoustic analysis phase distribution is frequently simply either not considered or ignored, even though it can supply very useful information for the understanding of the mapping itself or for further analyses. In this paper a procedure to carry out phase mapping of acoustic sources in beamformingmeasurement is illustrated. The second aim of this paper is to propose a straightforward iterative optimization algorithm based on the monopole substitution starting from beamforming results. It allows for the reconstruction of sound field without the use of any matrix inversion. Both numerical and experimental validations of the method are presented. Results shown hereafter prove the effectiveness of the approach.