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Evidence for language transfer leading to a perceptual advantage for non-native listeners
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10.1121/1.4747615
/content/asa/journal/jasa/132/4/10.1121/1.4747615
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/asa/journal/jasa/132/4/10.1121/1.4747615

Figures

Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

(Color online) Spectrograms of a native English speaker uttering the words pup and putt with released final stops (top panel) and unreleased final stops (bottom panel). The different trajectories of the second formant preceding word-final /p/ and word-final /t/ are marked with arrows.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Identification accuracy in Experiment 1 (Korean nonce words) by final type and group. The leftmost bars plot mean accuracy for identification of Korean unreleased stop finals; the rightmost bars, mean accuracy for identification of Korean sonorant finals as “other” sounds (i.e., not /p/, /t/, or /k/). Light gray and dark gray bars represent the American and Korean groups, respectively. Each error bar marks ±1 standard error of the mean (over 25 participants).

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

Identification accuracy in Experiment 2 (English nonce words) by final type and group. The leftmost bars plot mean accuracy for identification of English unreleased stop finals; the rightmost bars, mean accuracy for identification of English sonorant finals as other sounds (i.e., not /p/, /t/, or /k/). Light gray and dark gray bars represent the American and Korean groups, respectively. Each error bar marks ±1 standard error of the mean (over 25 participants).

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

Perceptual sensitivity in Experiment 3 (English real words) by contrast type and group. The leftmost bars plot d′ for discrimination of English minimal pairs differing in terms of final stop (e.g., weep, wheat); the rightmost bars, d′ for discrimination of English minimal pairs differing in terms of the presence of a final stop (e.g., beet, bee). Light gray and dark gray bars represent the American and Korean groups, respectively. Each error bar marks ±1 standard error of the mean (over 25 participants).

Tables

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TABLE I.

Korean nonce word stimuli used in Experiment 1.

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TABLE II.

English nonce word stimuli used in Experiment 2.

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TABLE III.

English real word stimuli used in Experiment 3.

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/content/asa/journal/jasa/132/4/10.1121/1.4747615
2012-10-03
2014-04-20
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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Evidence for language transfer leading to a perceptual advantage for non-native listeners
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/asa/journal/jasa/132/4/10.1121/1.4747615
10.1121/1.4747615
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