Skip to main content
banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
1. S. Currey, Personal watercraft (PWC) management guide: A comprehensive reference handbook, Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management, Boston, MA (undated).
2. C. Komanoff and H. Shaw, Drowning in Noise: Noise Costs of Jet Skis in America (Noise Pollution Clearinghouse, Montpelier, VT, 2000).
3. M. D. Collins, R. J. Cederberg, D. B. King, and S. Chin-Bing, “ Comparison of algorithms for solving parabolic wave equations,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 100(1 ), 178182 (1996).
4. C. Erbe, “ Underwater noise from pile driving in Moreton Bay, Qld,” Acoust. Aust. 37(3 ), 8792 (2009).
5. A. F. Everest, R. W. Young, and M. W. Johnson, “ Acoustical characteristics of noise produced by snapping shrimp,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 20(2 ), 137142 (1948).
6. M. L. Readhead, “ Snapping shrimp noise near Gladstone, Queensland,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 101(3 ), 17181722 (1997).
7. A. J. Duncan and A. Gavrilov, “ Acoustic propagation over limestone seabeds,” Acoustics 2009, Annual Conference of the Australian Acoustical Society (Adelaide, South Australia, 2009).
8. M. L. Barlett and G. R. Wilson, “ Characteristics of small boat acoustic signatures,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 112(5 ), 2221 (2002).
9. C. Gervaise, Y. Simard, N. Roy, B. Kinda, and N. Menard, “ Shipping noise in a whale habitat: Characteristics, sources, budget, and impact on belugas in Saguenay–St. Lawrence Marine Park hub,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 132(1 ), 7689 (2012).
10. S. Amoser, L. E. Wysocki, and F. Ladich, “ Noise emission during the first powerboat race in an Alpine lake and potential impact on fish communities,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 116(6 ), 37893797 (2004).

Data & Media loading...


Article metrics loading...



Personal watercraft (water scooters, jet skis) were recorded under water in Bramble Bay, Queensland, Australia. Underwater noise emissions consisted of broadband energy between 100 Hz and 10 kHz due to the vibrating bubble cloud generated by the jet stream, overlain with frequency-modulated tonals corresponding to impeller blade rates and harmonics. Broadband monopole source levels were 149, 137, and 122 dB re 1 μPa @ 1 m (5th, 50th, and 95th percentiles). Even though these are lower than those of small propeller-driven boats, it is not necessarily the broadband source level that correlates with the bioacoustic impact on marine fauna.


Full text loading...


Access Key

  • FFree Content
  • OAOpen Access Content
  • SSubscribed Content
  • TFree Trial Content
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd