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The role of pitch and timing cues in the perception of phrasal grouping in Seoul Korean
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10.1121/1.4798663
/content/asa/journal/jasa/133/5/10.1121/1.4798663
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/asa/journal/jasa/133/5/10.1121/1.4798663

Figures

Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

Grouping of music notes by timing. In (a) (attack-point rule), the interval between the onsets of the two consecutive notes is longer across the group boundary than that within a group. In (b) and (c) (length rule), a group boundary is inserted where a change in tempo occurs, after the second note in (b) and after the third note in (c).

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

(Color online) A hypothetical case of a trading relation between two cues. The x-axis shows the setting of the primary cue, the y-axis is the listeners' responses [e.g., early boundary (EB)] and each line represents different settings of the secondary cue in the case when listeners are forced to choose between EB and late boundary (LB) [(a) strong EB, (b) weak EB, (c) ambiguous, (d) weak LB, (e) strong LB]. It is conventional in the literature on the trading relation to place the primary cue on the x-axis (e.g., ), as a figure with the secondary cue on the x-axis would be less easy to interpret in general.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

(Color online) Intended mean F0 values of each vowel in five-syllable targets in each PITCH condition (P1: strong EB, P2: weak EB, P3: ambiguous, P4: weak LB, P5: strong LB). The pitch pattern in each AP conforms to a frequent pattern in the Korean AP (LH#HLH for EB and L_H#HH for LB).

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

(Color online) Intended mean F0 values of each vowel in seven-syllable targets in each PITCH condition (P1: strong EB, P2: weak EB, P3: ambiguous, P4: weak LB, P5: strong LB). The pitch pattern in each AP conforms to a frequent pattern in the Korean AP (L_H#HHLH for EB and L_ _H#HLH for LB).

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

(Color online) Intended duration of each syllable for 13874 (/il.sam.pal.tsil.sa/) with CL in each TIMING condition (T1: strong EB, T2: weak EB, T3: ambiguous, T4: weak LB, T5: strong LB). Duration of the nucleus and coda of the syllables in the smaller AP was lengthened compared to T3 by 35% in T2/T4 or 70% in T1/T5. The utterance-final syllable was lengthened by 70% from the original duration in all utterances to create the percept of utterance-finality.

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

(Color online) Intended duration of each syllable for 13874 (/il.sam.pal.tsil.sa/) with GFL in each TIMING condition (T1: strong EB, T2: weak EB, T3: ambiguous, T4: weak LB, T5: strong LB). The nucleus and coda of the potential AP-final syllable was lengthened compared to T3 by 35% in T2/T4 or 70% in T1/T5. The nucleus and coda of the utterance-final syllable was lengthened by 70% from the original duration in all utterances to create the percept of utterance-finality.

Image of FIG. 7.
FIG. 7.

(Color online) Intended duration of each syllable for 94783 (/ku.sa.tsil.pal.sam/) with CL in each TIMING condition (T1: strong EB, T2: weak EB, T3: ambiguous, T4: weak LB, T5: strong LB).

Image of FIG. 8.
FIG. 8.

(Color online) Intended duration of each syllable for 94783 (/ku.sa.tsil.pal.sam/) with GFL in each TIMING condition (T1: strong EB, T2: weak EB, T3: ambiguous, T4: weak LB, T5: strong LB).

Image of FIG. 9.
FIG. 9.

(Color online) Intended duration of each syllable for 1738794 (/il.tsil.sam.pal.tsil.ku.sa/) with CL in each TIMING condition (T1: strong EB, T2: weak EB, T3: ambiguous, T4: weak LB, T5: strong LB).

Image of FIG. 10.
FIG. 10.

(Color online) Intended duration of each syllable for 1738794 with GFL in each TIMING condition (T1: strong EB, T2: weak EB, T3: ambiguous, T4: weak LB, T5: strong LB).

Image of FIG. 11.
FIG. 11.

(Color online) Intended duration of each syllable for 5847839 (/o.pal.sa.tsil.pal.sam.ku/) with CL in each TIMING condition (T1: strong EB, T2: weak EB, T3: ambiguous, T4: weak LB, T5: strong LB).

Image of FIG. 12.
FIG. 12.

(Color online) Intended duration of each syllable for 5847839 (/o.pal.sa.tsil.pal.sam.ku/) with GFL in each TIMING condition (T1: strong EB, T2: weak EB, T3: ambiguous, T4: weak LB, T5: strong LB).

Image of FIG. 13.
FIG. 13.

(Color online) Mean percentage of the EB (2 + 3) response and standard error for 13874 with CL.

Image of FIG. 14.
FIG. 14.

(Color online) Mean percentage of the EB (2 + 3) response and standard error for 13874 with GFL.

Image of FIG. 15.
FIG. 15.

(Color online) Mean percentage of the EB (2 + 3) response and standard error for 94783 with CL.

Image of FIG. 16.
FIG. 16.

(Color online) Mean percentage of the EB (2 + 3) response for94783 and standard error with GFL.

Image of FIG. 17.
FIG. 17.

(Color online) Mean percentage of the EB (3 + 4) response for 1738794 and standard error with CL.

Image of FIG. 18.
FIG. 18.

(Color online) Mean percentage of the EB (3 + 4) response and standard error for 1738794 with GFL.

Image of FIG. 19.
FIG. 19.

(Color online) Mean percentage of the EB (3 + 4) response and standard error for 5847839 with CL.

Image of FIG. 20.
FIG. 20.

(Color online) Mean percentage of the EB (3 + 4) response and standard error for 5847839 with GFL.

Tables

Generic image for table
TABLE I.

There were four experimental items which were digit sequences (two five-syllable and two seven-syllable items). Each item could be phrased into two APs in two different ways (early boundary, 2 + 3 or 3 + 4 vs late boundary, 3 + 2 or 4 + 3). Syllable boundaries are marked with a full stop (.).

Generic image for table
TABLE II.

Results of mixed design ANOVAs. Dependent variables were S(ET), P(ITCH) and T(IMING).

Generic image for table
TABLE III.

Results of Repeated Measures ANOVAs. Dependent variables were P(ITCH) and T(IMING).

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/content/asa/journal/jasa/133/5/10.1121/1.4798663
2013-05-06
2014-04-16
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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: The role of pitch and timing cues in the perception of phrasal grouping in Seoul Korean
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/asa/journal/jasa/133/5/10.1121/1.4798663
10.1121/1.4798663
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