Skip to main content
banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
1. K. L. Williams, “An effective density fluid model for acoustic propagation in sediments derived from Biot Theory,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 110, 22762281 (2001).
2. K. L. Williams, D. R. Jackson, E. I. Thorsos, D. Tang, and S. G. Schock, “Comparison of sound speed and attenuation measured in a sandy sediment to predictions based on the Biot theory of porous media,” IEEE J. Ocean Eng. 27, 413427 (2002).
3. J. Zhou, X. Zhang, and D. P. Knobles, “Low-frequency geoacoustic model for the effective properties of sandy seabottoms,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 125, 28472866 (2009).
4. N. P. Chotiros and M. J. Isakson, “A broadband model of sandy ocean sediments: BiotÐStoll with contact squirt flow and shear drag,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 116, 20112022 (2004).
5. M. J. Buckingham, “On pore-fluid viscosity and the wave properties of saturated granular materials including marine sediments,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 122, 14861501 (2007).
6. M. Kimura, “Frame bulk modulus of porous granular marine sediments,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 120, 699710 (2006).
7. B. T. Hefner and K. L. Williams, “Sound speed and attenuation measurements in unconsolidated glass-bead sediments saturated with viscous pore fluids,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 120, 25382549 (2006).
8. K L. Williams, E. I. Thorsos, D. R. Jackson, and B. T. Hefner, “Thirty years of sand acoustics: A perspective on experiments, models and data/model comparisons,” in ADAVANCES IN OCEAN ACOUSTICS: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Ocean Acoustics (OA2012) (2012), AIP Conf. Proc. No. 1495, pp. 166192.
9. M. Kimura, “Velocity dispersion and attenuation in granular marine sediments: Comparison of measurements with predictions using acoustic models,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 129, 35443561 (2011).
10. T. F. Argo IV, M. D. Guild, P. S. Wilson, M. Schroter, C. Radin, and H. L. Swinney, “Sound speed in water-saturated glass beads as a function of frequency and porosity,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 129, EL101EL107 (2011).
11. M. Ferrari, V. T. Granik, A. Imam, and J. C. Nadeau, Advances in Doublet Mechanics (Springer, New York, 1997).
12. A. V. Anikeenko and N. N. Medvedev, “Structural and entropic insights into the nature of the random-close-packing limit,” Phys. Rev. E 77, 031101 (2008).
13. A. Turgut and T. Yamamoto, “In situ measurements of velocity dispersion and attenuation in New Jersey Shelf sediments,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 124, EL122EL127 (2008).
14. R. Vedam and G. Holton, “Specific volumes of water at high pressures, obtained from ultrasonic-propagation measurements,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 43, 108116 (1968).
15. I. S. Andrianova, O. Ya. Samoilov, and I. Z. Fisher, “Thermal conductivity and structure of water,” J. Struct. Chem. 8, 736739 (1967).
16. U. Kaatze, C. Trachimow, R. Pottel, and M. Brai, “Broadband study of the scattering of ultrasound by polystyrene-latex-in-water suspensions,” Ann. Phys. 5, 1333 (1996).
17. A. L. Fetter and J. D. Walecka, Theoretical Mechanics of Particles and Continua (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1980).
18. P. M. Morse, Thermal Physics (Benjamin, New York, 1964).
19. A. D. Pierce, Acoustics: An Introduction into Its Physical Principles and Applications (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1981).

Data & Media loading...


Article metrics loading...



Previously, an effective density fluid model (EDFM) was developed by the author [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. , 2276–2281 (2001)] for unconsolidated granular sediments and applied to sand. The model is a simplification of the full Biot porous media model. Here two additional effects are added to the EDFM model: heat transfer between the liquid and solid at low frequencies and the granularity of the medium at high frequencies. The frequency range studied is 100 Hz–1 MHz. The analytical sound speed and attenuation expressions obtained have no free parameters. The resulting model is compared to ocean data.


Full text loading...


Access Key

  • FFree Content
  • OAOpen Access Content
  • SSubscribed Content
  • TFree Trial Content
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd