Volume 134, Issue 1, July 2013
Index of content:
- TRANSDUCTION 
Evaluation of moving-coil loudspeaker and passive radiator parameters using normal-incidence sound transmission measurements: Theoretical developmentsa)134(2013); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4803900View Description Hide Description
The parameters of moving-coil loudspeaker drivers are typically determined using direct electrical excitation and measurement. However, as electro-mechano-acoustical devices, their parameters should also follow from suitable mechanical or acoustical evaluations. This paper presents the theory of an acoustical method of excitation and measurement using normal-incidence sound transmission through a baffled driver as a plane-wave tube partition. Analogous circuits enable key parameters to be extracted from measurement results in terms of open and closed-circuit driver conditions. Associated tools are presented that facilitate adjacent field decompositions and derivations of sound transmission coefficients (in terms of driver parameters) directly from the circuits. The paper also clarifies the impact of nonanechoic receiving tube terminations and the specific benefits of downstream field decompositions.
134(2013); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4809651View Description Hide Description
Time-selective windowing techniques, which effectively remove multi-path noise, have been widely utilized for reciprocity calibration of microphone there are still limitations imposed by overlapping signals, particularly at low frequencies and for high Q microphones. Based on a fast Fourier transform analysis, the leakage due to a limited frequency range makes the overlap problem worse, not be perfectly separated. Instead of using conventional low-pass filters that are designed to have a flat response in the frequency range of interest, in this study, a filter with a Dolph–Chebyshev window shape was proposed because it has low sidelobe levels. After removing multi-path noise with a time-selective window, an inverse filter should be applied to compensate for distortion created by the applied filter. The method suggested in this paper extends the possible frequency range of free-field reciprocity calibration to frequencies below 2 kHz.