Volume 134, Issue 2, August 2013
Index of content:
- ACOUSTICAL MEASUREMENTS AND INSTRUMENTATION 
134(2013); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4812271View Description Hide Description
A study has been conducted on the transmission loss of perforated plates at normal incidence. The investigation includes a theoretical analysis of the problem with validation through experimentation. The experiments comprised microphone measurements of transmission loss for 11 perforated plates with variable thickness, hole size, and porosity. The theoretical model is based on planar wave propagation through a single contraction/expansion chamber with modifications to account for hole interaction effects. The resulting formula for transmission loss yields superior predictions over past theories for the range of properties investigated. Deviations between experimental measurements and theoretical predictions of transmission loss are less than about 1.5 dB for dimensionless hole diameter d/λ < 0.5. The accuracy of the model does not show a strong dependence on plate thickness-to-diameter ratio or porosity.
Optical multi-point measurements of the acoustic particle velocity with frequency modulated Doppler global velocimetry134(2013); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4812753View Description Hide Description
To reduce the noise of machines such as aircraft engines, the development and propagation of sound has to be investigated. Since the applicability of microphones is limited due to their intrusiveness, contactless measurement techniques are required. For this reason, the present study describes an optical method based on the Doppler effect and its application for acoustic particle velocity (APV) measurements. While former APV measurements with Doppler techniques are point measurements, the applied system is capable of simultaneous measurements at multiple points. In its current state, the system provides linear array measurements of one component of the APV demonstrated by multi-tone experiments with tones up to 17 kHz for the first time.