Volume 134, Issue 3, September 2013
Index of content:
- STRUCTURAL ACOUSTICS AND VIBRATION 
134(2013); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4816492View Description Hide Description
Backscattering from a cloaked submerged spherical shell is analyzed in the low, mid, and high frequency regimes. Complex poles of the scattered pressure amplitudes using Cauchy residue theory are evaluated in an effort to explain dominant features of the scattered pressure and how they are affected by the introduction of a cloak. The methodology used is similar to that performed by Sammelmann and Hackman [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 85, 114–124 (1989); J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 89, 2096–2103 (1991); J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 90, 2705–2717 (1991)] in a series of papers written on scattering from an uncloaked spherical shell. In general, it is found that cloaking has the effect of diminishing the amplitude and shifting tonal backscatter responses. Extreme changes of normal and tangential fluid phase velocities at the fluid–solid interface when cloaking is employed leads to elimination of the “mid-frequency enhancement” near the coincidence frequency for even modestly effective cloaks, while reduction of the “high-frequency enhancement” resulting from the “thickness quasi-resonance” near the cut-off frequency of the symmetric ( ) mode requires more effective cloaking, but can be practically eliminated by employing a cloak that creates tangential acoustic velocities in excess of the mode phase speed near cutoff.
134(2013); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4816539View Description Hide Description
In order to understand critical vibration of a drill bit such as stick-slip and bit-bounce and their wave propagation characteristics through a drill string system, it is critical to model the torsional, longitudinal, and flexural waves generated by the drill bit vibration. Here, a modeling method based on a vibration transfer matrix between two sets of structural wave variables at the ends of a constant cross-sectional, hollow, circular pipe is proposed. For a drill string system with multiple pipe sections, the total vibration transfer matrix is calculated by multiplying all individual matrices, each is obtained for an individual pipe section. Since drill string systems are typically extremely long, conventional numerical analysis methods such as a finite element method (FEM) require a large number of meshes, which makes it computationally inefficient to analyze these drill string systems numerically. The proposed “analytical” vibration transfer matrix method requires significantly low computational resources. For the validation of the proposed method, experimental and numerical data are obtained from laboratory experiments and FEM analyses conducted by using a commercial FEM package, ANSYS. It is shown that the modeling results obtained by using the proposed method are well matched with the experimental and numerical results.
134(2013); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4816936View Description Hide Description
This study of nonlinear dynamics includes (i) an identification of quasi-steady states of response using equivalent linearization, (ii) the temporal simulation of the system using Heun's time step procedure on time domain analytic signals, and (iii) a laboratory experiment. An attempt has been made to select material and measurement parameters so that nearly the same systems are used and analyzed for all three parts of the study. This study illustrates important features of nonlinear response to narrow band excitation: (a) states of response that the system can acquire with transitions of the system between those states, (b) the interaction between the noise source and the vibrating load in which the source transmits energy to or draws energy from the load as transitions occur; (c) the lag or lead of the system response relative to the source as transitions occur that causes the average frequencies of source and response to differ; and (d) the determination of the state of response (mass or stiffness controlled) by observation of the instantaneous phase of the influence function. These analyses take advantage of the use of time domain analytic signals that have a complementary role to functions that are analytic in the frequency domain.
134(2013); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4817891View Description Hide Description
The scattering of a fluid-structure coupled wave at a flanged junction between two flexible waveguides is investigated. The flange is assumed to be rigid on one side and soft on the other; this enables a solution to be formulated using mode-matching. It is shown that both the choice of the edge conditions imposed on the plates at the junction and the choice of incident forcing significantly affect the transmission of energy along the duct. In particular, the edge conditions crucially affect the transmission of structure-borne vibration but have little effect on fluid-borne noise. Given the singular nature of the velocity field at the flange tip, particular attention is paid to the validity of the mode-matching method. It is demonstrated that the velocity field can be accurately reconstructed by incorporating the Lanczos filter into the truncated modal expansions. The mode-matching method is thus confirmed as an viable tool for this class of problem.
134(2013); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4817894View Description Hide Description
Periodic composites such as acoustic metamaterials use local resonance phenomenon in designing low frequency sub-Bragg bandgaps. These bandgaps emerge from a resonant scattering interaction between a propagating wave and periodically arranged resonators. This paper develops a receptance coupling technique to combine the dynamics of the resonator with the unit cell dynamics of the background medium to analyze flexural wave transmission in a periodic structure, involving a single degree of freedom coupling between the medium and the resonator. Receptance techniques allow for a straightforward extension to higher dimensional systems with multiple degrees of freedom coupling and for easier experimental measurements. Closed-form expressions for the location and width of sub-Bragg bandgaps are obtained. Rigid body modes of the unit cell of the background medium are shown to set the bounding frequencies for local resonance bandgaps. Results from the receptance analysis compare well with Bloch wave analysis and experiments performed on a finite structural beam with periodic masses and resonators. Stronger coupling and inertia of the resonator increase the local resonance bandgap width. Two-fold periodicity widens the Bragg bandgap, narrowed by local resonators, thus expanding the design space and highlighting the advantages of hierarchical periodicity.