AIP Publishing manuscript submission and processing system (PXP) is currently unavailable to users in China. We are working to resolve the issue as quickly as possible. We apologize for the inconvenience.

尊敬的中国作者和评审人:AIP Publishing (AIP出版公司) 的论文发布系统(PXP)目前遇到一些技术问题。我们将为您尽快解决。因此带来的不便,我们向您表达我们诚挚的歉意!

Thank you for your patience during this process.

banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
Individual differences in top-down restoration of interrupted speech: Links to linguistic and cognitive abilities
Rent this article for
Access full text Article
1. Akeroyd, M. A. (2008). “Are individual differences in speech reception related to individual differences in cognitive ability? A survey of twenty experimental studies with normal and hearing-impaired adults,” Int. J. Audiol. 47 Suppl. 2, S53S71.
2. Bashford, J. A. , Riener, K. R. , and Warren, R. M. (1992). “Increasing the intelligibility of speech through multiple phonemic restorations,” Percept. Psychophys. 51, 211217.
3. Başkent, D. (2010). “Phonemic restoration in sensorineural hearing loss does not depend on baseline speech perception scores,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 128, EL169EL174.
4. Başkent, D. (2012). “Effect of speech degradation on top-down repair: Phonemic restoration with simulations of cochlear implants and combined electric-acoustic stimulation,” J. Assoc. Res. Otolaryngol. 13, 683692.
5. Bell, N. L. , Lassiter, K. S. , Matthews, T. D. , and Hutchinson, M. B. (2001). “Comparison of the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Third Edition and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third Edition with university students,” J. Clin. Psychol. 57, 417422.
6. Benard, M. R. , and Başkent, D. (2013). “Perceptual learning of interrupted speech,” PLoS One 8, e58149.
7. Benson, N. , Hulac, D. M. , and Kranzler, J. H. (2010). “Independent examination of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV): What does the WAIS-IV measure?,” Psychol. Assess. 22, 121130.
8. Chatterjee, M. , Peredo, F. , Nelson, D. , and Başkent, D. (2010). “Recognition of interrupted sentences under conditions of spectral degradation,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 127, EL37EL41.
9. Saija, J. D. , Akyürek, E. G. , Andringa, T. C. , and Başkent, D. (2013). “Perceptual restoration of degraded speech is preserved with advancing age,” J. Assoc. Res. Otolaryngol. (e-pub November 7, 2013).
10. Schlichting, L. (2005). “Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, 3rd ed. (PPVT-III-NL) Dutch version.”
11. Sivonen, P. , Maess, B. , Lattner, S. , and Friederici, A. D. (2006). “Phonemic restoration in a sentence context: Evidence from early and late ERP effects,” Brain Res. 1121, 177189.
12. Verschuure, J. , and Brocaar, M. P. (1983). “Intelligibility of interrupted meaningful and nonsense speech with and without intervening noise,” Percept. Psych. 33, 232240.
13. Versfeld, N. J. , Daalder, L. , Festen, J. M. , and Houtgast, T. (2000). “Method for the selection of sentence materials for efficient measurement of the speech reception threshold,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 107, 16711684.
14. Wang, X. , and Humes, L. E. (2010). “Factors influencing recognition of interrupted speech,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 128, 21002111.
15. Warren, R. (1983). “Auditory illusions and their relation to mechanisms normally enhancing accuracy of perception,” J. Audio Eng. Soc. 31, 623629.
16. Wechsler, D. (2012). “Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, 4th ed. (WAIS-IV-NL) Dutch version.”

Data & Media loading...


Article metrics loading...



Top-down restoration mechanisms can enhance perception of degraded speech. Even in normal hearing, however, a large variability has been observed in how effectively individuals can benefit from these mechanisms. To investigate if this variability is partially caused by individuals’ linguistic and cognitive skills, normal-hearing participants of varying ages were assessed for receptive vocabulary (Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; PPVT-III-NL), for full-scale intelligence (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale; WAIS-IV-NL), and for top-down restoration of interrupted speech (with silent or noise-filled gaps). Receptive vocabulary was significantly correlated with the other measures, suggesting linguistic skills to be highly involved in restoration of degraded speech.


Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address

Oops! This section, does not exist...

Use the links on this page to find existing content.

752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Individual differences in top-down restoration of interrupted speech: Links to linguistic and cognitive abilities