Volume 135, Issue 2, February 2014
Index of content:
- STRUCTURAL ACOUSTICS AND VIBRATION 
135(2014); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4861242View Description Hide Description
Application of modal expansion approach for the exterior acoustic field has drawn wide research interests in recent years. This is primarily due to the acoustic radiation modes (ARM) that can diagonalize the impedance matrix, hence significantly simplifying the computation of radiated sound power. The orthogonal ARM are typically calculated via a standard eigenvalue analysis of the impedance matrix, which normally leads to numerical difficulties especially for wideband frequency and large scale problems. In this paper, a theory of mapped ARM is proposed to avoid the cumbersome computation of ARM for convex structures. A mapping relationship between the ARM on the surface of an equivalent spherical source and the mapped ARM on the surface of a convex structure is obtained based on the equivalent source method, multipole expansion method, and boundary integral method. Furthermore, analytical expressions for the radiated sound power of structures vibrating in its mapped ARM as well as that of spheres are derived. Finally, a simple method is proposed to approximate the radiated sound power based on the modal decomposition method and the mapping relationship. Numerical simulations are conducted to validate the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed approach, and different vibrating structures with various geometries are considered. Results demonstrate that the proposed methodology for calculating the radiated sound power of convex structures is very efficient and accurate as compared with the traditional approach.
Acoustic and vibration response of a structure with added noise control treatment under various excitations135(2014); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4861361View Description Hide Description
The evaluation of the acoustic performance of noise control treatments is of great importance in many engineering applications, e.g., aircraft, automotive, and building acoustics applications. Numerical methods such as finite- and boundary elements allow for the study of complex structures with added noise control treatment. However, these methods are computationally expensive when used for complex structures. At an early stage of the acoustic trim design process, many industries look for simple and easy to use tools that provide sufficient physical insight that can help to formulate design criteria. The paper presents a simple and tractable approach for the acoustic design of noise control treatments. It presents and compares two transfer matrix-based methods to investigate the vibroacoustic behavior of noise control treatments. The first is based on a modal approach, while the second is based on wave-number space decomposition. In addition to the classical rain-on-the-roof and diffuse acoustic field excitations, the paper also addresses turbulent boundary layer and point source (monopole) excitations. Various examples are presented and compared to a finite element calculation to validate the methodology and to confirm its relevance along with its limitations.