Volume 135, Issue 3, March 2014
Index of content:
- GENERAL LINEAR ACOUSTICS 
Green's function retrieval through cross-correlations in a two-dimensional complex reverberating medium135(2014); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4864485View Description Hide Description
Cross-correlations of ambient noise averaged at two receivers lead to the reconstruction of the two-point Green's function, provided that the wave-field is uniform azimuthally, and also temporally and spatially uncorrelated. This condition depends on the spatial distribution of the sources and the presence of heterogeneities that act as uncorrelated secondary sources. This study aims to evaluate the relative contributions of source distribution and medium complexity in the two-point cross-correlations by means of numerical simulations and laboratory experiments in a finite-size reverberant two-dimensional (2D) plate. The experiments show that the fit between the cross-correlation and the 2D Green's function depends strongly on the nature of the source used to excite the plate. A turbulent air-jet produces a spatially uncorrelated acoustic field that rapidly builds up the Green's function. On the other hand, extracting the Green's function from cross-correlations of point-like sources requires more realizations and long recordings to balance the effect of the most energetic first arrivals. When the Green's function involves other arrivals than the direct wave, numerical simulations confirm the better Green's function reconstruction with a spatially uniform source distribution than the typical contour-like source distribution surrounding the receivers that systematically gives rise to spurious phases.
Influence of shell compressibility on the ultrasonic properties of polydispersed suspensions of nanometric encapsulated droplets135(2014); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4864784View Description Hide Description
Liquid droplets of nanometric size encapsulated by a polymer shell are envisioned for targeted drug delivery in therapeutic applications. Unlike standard micrometric gas-filled contrast agents used for medical imaging, these particles present a thick shell and a weakly compressible core. Hence, their dynamical behavior may be out of the range of validity of the models available for the description of encapsulated bubbles. In the present paper, a model for the ultrasound dispersion and absorption in a suspension of nanodroplets is proposed, accounting for both dilatational and translational motions of the particle. The radial motion is modeled by a generalized Rayleigh–Plesset-like equation which takes into account the compressibility of the viscoelastic shell, as well as the one of the core. The effect of the polydispersity of particles in size and shell thickness is introduced in the coupled balance equations which govern the motion of the particles in the surrounding fluid. Both effects of shell compressibility and polydispersity are quantified through the dispersion and absorption curves obtained on a wide ultrasonic frequency range. Finally, some results for larger gas-filled particles are also provided, revealing the limit of the role of the shell compressibility.