Volume 135, Issue 5, May 2014
Index of content:
- ARCHITECTURAL ACOUSTICS 
135(2014); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4870706View Description Hide Description
Sound field behavior in performance spaces is a complex phenomenon. Issues regarding coupled spaces present additional concerns due to sound energy exchanges. Coupled volume concert halls have been of increasing interest in recent decades because this architectural principle offers the possibility to modify the hall's acoustical environment in a passive way by modifying the coupling area. Under specific conditions, the use of coupled reverberation chambers can provide non-exponential sound energy decay in the main room, resulting in both high clarity and long reverberation which are antagonistic parameters in a single volume room. Previous studies have proposed various sound energy decay models based on statistical acoustics and diffusion theory. Statistical acoustics assumes a perfectly uniform sound field within a given room whereas measurements show an attenuation of energy with increasing source-receiver distance. While previously proposed models based on diffusion theory use numerical solvers, the present study proposes a heuristic model of sound energy behavior based on an analytical solution of the commonly used diffusion equation and physically justified approximations. This model is validated by means of comparisons to scale model measurements and numerical geometrical acoustics simulations, both applied to the same simple concert hall geometry.
135(2014); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4871363View Description Hide Description
A model for the acoustic properties of a plate perforated with slots of rectangular shape is proposed. The model is based on known expressions for the complex density and compressibility of a pore of rectangular shape together with the radiation impedance of a rectangular shaped piston in a baffle. For the so-called end correction of a rectangular aperture in a plate, an approximate solution is shown to fit an exact solution for the imaginary part of the radiation impedance, the latter solution based on the work of Lindemann [J. Acoust. Soc. Am, 55, 708–717 (1974)]. Two different procedures are tested to calculate the mutual influence of the apertures on the end correction, the one calculating the mutual impedance of neighboring pistons in the plate, the other by calculating the end correction of a piston placed in the end of an infinitely long tube. The model is used calculating the input impedance and absorption coefficient of a Helmholtz resonator with such a plate, comparing with measurement results. The fit between predicted and measured results, using plates with narrow slits, is good, but it is believed that the model also cover a wider range of dimensions for such a slotted plate.
On the modeling of sound transmission through a mixed separation of flexible structure with an aperture135(2014); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4870707View Description Hide Description
Modeling sound transmission among acoustic media through mixed separations, consisting of both rigid/flexible structures with apertures, is a challenging task. The coexistence of both structural and acoustic transmission paths through the same coupling surface adds system complexities, hampering the use of existing sub-structuring modeling techniques when the system configuration becomes complex. In the present work, a virtual panel treatment is proposed to model thin apertures involved in such complex vibroacoustic systems. The proposed virtual panel considers an aperture as an equivalent structural component, which can be integrated with the solid/flexible structure to form a unified compound interface. This allows handling the entire compound interface as a pure structural element, thus providing an efficient and versatile tool to tackle system complexities when using sub-structuring techniques. The accuracy and convergence of the method are investigated and validated, and the effective thickness range allowing for the virtual panel treatments is determined. The capability and the flexibility of the proposed formulation are demonstrated through several numerical examples, with underlying physics being explored.