Skip to main content
banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
1. Chen, T. M. , Dell, G. S. , and Chen, J. Y. (2007). “ A cross-linguistic study of phonological units: Syllables emerge from the statistics of Mandarin Chinese, but not from the statistics of English,” Chin. J. Psychol. 39(2), 137144.
2. Cheng, C. , and Xu, Y. (2009). “ Extreme reductions: Contraction of disyllables into monosyllables in Taiwan Mandarin,” in Proceedings of Interspeech 2009 (ISCA, Brighton, UK), pp. 456459.
3. Cheng, C. , and Xu, Y. (2013). “ Articulatory limit and extreme segmental reduction in Taiwan Mandarin,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 134(6), 44814495.
4. De Jong, N. H. , and Wempe, T. (2009). “ Praat script to detect syllable nuclei and measure speech rate automatically,” Behav. Res. Meth. 41(2), 385390.
5. Delattre, P. , and Olsen, C. (1969). “ Syllabic features and phonic impression in English, German, French, and Spanish,” Lingua 22, 160175.
6. Ernestus, M. , Baayen, H. , and Schreuder, R. (2002). “ The recognition of reduced word forms,” Brain Lang. 81, 162173.
7. Johnson, K. (2004). “ Massive reduction in conversational American English,” in Spontaneous Speech: Data and Analysis. Proceedings of the 1st Session of the 10th International Symposium, edited by K. Yoneyama and K. Maekawa (The National International Institute for Japanese Language, Tokyo, Japan), pp. 2954.
8. Kendall, T. (2013). Speech Rate, Pause, and Language Variation: Studies in Corpus Sociophonetics (Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, UK), available at (Last viewed January 28, 2014).
9. Mayer, M. (1974a). Two Moral Tales (Four Winds Press, New York).
10. Mayer, M. (1974b). Two More Moral Tales (Four Winds Press, New York).
11. O'Seaghdha, P. G. , Chen, J. Y. , and Chen, T. M. (2010). “ Proximate units in word production: Phonological encoding begins with syllables in Mandarin Chinese but with segments in English,” Cognition 115(2), 282302.
12. Picheny, M. A. , Durlach, N. I. , and Braida, L. D. (1986). “ Speaking clearly for the hard of hearing II: Acoustic characteristics of clear and conversational speech,” J. Speech Hear. Res. 29(4), 434446.
13. Smiljanic, R. , and Bradlow, A. R. (2009). “ Speaking and hearing clearly: Talker and listener factors in speaking style changes,” Linguist. Lang. Compass 3(1), 236264.
14. Tseng, S. (2005). “ Syllable contractions in a Mandarin conversational dialogue corpus,” Int. J. Corpus Linguist. 10(1), 6383.
15. Uchanski, R. M. (2005). “ Clear Speech,” in The Handbook of Speech Perception, edited by D. B. Pisoni and R. Remez (Blackwell, Malden, MA).
16. Xu, Y. (1994). “ Production and perception of coarticulated tones,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 95(4), 22402253.

Data & Media loading...


Article metrics loading...



This study examined whether language specific properties may lead to cross-language differences in the degree of phonetic reduction. Rates of syllabic reduction (defined here as reduction in which the number of syllables pronounced is less than expected based on canonical form) in English and Mandarin were compared. The rate of syllabic reduction was higher in Mandarin than English. Regardless of language, open syllables participated in reduction more often than closed syllables. The prevalence of open syllables was higher in Mandarin than English, and this phonotactic difference could account for Mandarin's higher rate of syllabic reduction.


Full text loading...


Access Key

  • FFree Content
  • OAOpen Access Content
  • SSubscribed Content
  • TFree Trial Content
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd