Volume 136, Issue 2, August 2014
Index of content:
- NOISE: ITS EFFECTS AND CONTROL 
136(2014); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4887442View Description Hide Description
While the structural-acoustic coupling between flexible structures and closed acoustic cavities has been extensively studied in the literature, the modeling of structures coupled through open cavities, especially connected in cascade, is still a challenging task for most of the existing methods. The possible presence of micro-perforated panels (MPPs) in such systems adds additional difficulties in terms of both modeling and physical understanding. In this study, a sub-structuring methodology based on the Patch Transfer Function (PTF) approach with a Compound Interface treatment technique, referred to as CI-PTF method, is proposed, for dealing with complex systems involving cascade open/closed acoustic cavities and MPPs. The co-existence of apertures and solid/flexible/micro-perforated panels over a mixed separation interface is characterized using a compound panel subsystem, which enhances the systematic coupling feature of the PTF framework. Using several typical configurations, the versatility and efficiency of the proposed method is illustrated. Numerical studies highlight the physical understanding on the behavior of MPP inside a complex vibroacoustic environment, thus providing guidance for the practical design of such systems.
Understanding speech when wearing communication headsets and hearing protectors with subband processinga)136(2014); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4883385View Description Hide Description
An adaptive, delayless, subband feed-forward control structure is employed to improve the speech signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in the communication channel of a circumaural headset/hearing protector (HPD) from 90 Hz to 11.3 kHz, and to provide active noise control (ANC) from 50 to 800 Hz to complement the passive attenuation of the HPD. The task involves optimizing the speech SNR for each communication channel subband, subject to limiting the maximum sound level at the ear, maintaining a speech SNR preferred by users, and reducing large inter-band gain differences to improve speech quality. The performance of a proof-of-concept device has been evaluated in a pseudo-diffuse sound field when worn by human subjects under conditions of environmental noise and speech that do not pose a risk to hearing, and by simulation for other conditions. For the environmental noises employed in this study, subband speech SNR control combined with subband ANC produced greater improvement in word scores than subband ANC alone, and improved the consistency of word scores across subjects. The simulation employed a subject-specific linear model, and predicted that word scores are maintained in excess of 90% for sound levels outside the HPD of up to ∼115 dBA.