Index of content:
Volume 136, Issue 2, August 2014
- SPEECH PRODUCTION 
136(2014); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4889978View Description Hide Description
Phonation models commonly rely on the assumption of a two-dimensional glottal geometry to assess kinetic and viscous flow losses. In this paper, the glottal cross-section shape is taken into account in the flow model in order to capture its influence on vocal folds oscillation. For the assessed cross-section shapes (rectangular, elliptical, or circular segment) the minimum pressure threshold enabling to sustain vocal folds oscillation is altered for constriction degrees smaller than 75%. The discrepancy between cross-section shapes increases as the constriction degree decreases.