Skip to main content
banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
1. Bronkhorst, A. W. (2002). “ Modeling auditory distance perception in rooms,” in Forum Acusticum ( Sevilla, Spain).
2. Catic, J. , Santurette, S. , Buchholz, J. M. , Gran, F. , and Dau, T. (2013). “ The effect of interaural-level-difference fluctuations on the externalization of sound,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 134, 12321241.
3. Farina, A. , Capra, A. , Chiesi, L. , and Scopece, L. (2010). “ A spherical microphone array for synthesizing virtual directive microphones in live broadcasting and in post production,” in 40th International Conference of AES, Tokyo, Japan.
4. Griesinger, D. (2010). “ Phase coherence as a measure of acoustic quality. I: The neural mechanism,” in 20th International Congress on Acoustics, Sydney, Australia.
5. Härmä, A. , van de Par, S. , and de Bruijn, W. (2008). “ On the use of directional loudspeakers to create a sound source close to the listener,” in 124th International Convention of AES, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
6. Jeon, S.-W. , Park, Y.-C. , and Youn, D. H. (2014). “ Auditory distance rendering based on ICPD control for stereophonic 3D audio system,” IEEE Signal Process. Lett. 22, 529533.
7. Laitinen, M.-V. , Disch, S. , and Pulkki, V. (2013). “ Sensitivity of human hearing to changes in phase spectrum,” J. Audio Eng. Soc. 61, 860877.
8. Lounsbury, B. F. , and Butler, R. A. (1979). “ Estimation of distances of recorded sounds presented through headphones,” Scand. Audiol. 8, 145149.
9. Mourjopoulos, J. (1994). “ Digital equalization of room acoustics,” J. Audio Eng. Soc. 42, 884900.
10. Pellegrini, R. S. (2002). “ Perception-based design of virtual rooms for sound reproduction,” in 22nd International Conference of AES, Espoo, Finland.
11. Zahorik, P. (2002). “ Direct-to-reverberant energy ratio sensitivity,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 112, 21102117.
12. Zahorik, P. , Brungart, D. S. , and Bronkhorst, A. W. (2005). “ Auditory distance perception in humans: A summary of past and present research,” Acta Acust. Acust. 91, 409420.

Data & Media loading...


Article metrics loading...



This work presents a method to control the perceived distance of an auditory object by changing the directivity pattern of a loudspeaker and consequently the direct-to-reverberant ratio at the listening spot. Control of the directivity pattern is achieved by beamforming using a compact multi-driver loudspeaker unit. A small-sized cubic array consisting of six drivers is assembled, and per driver beamforming filters are derived from directional measurements of the array. The proposed method is evaluated using formal listening tests. The results show that the perceived distance can be controlled effectively by directivity pattern modification.


Full text loading...


Access Key

  • FFree Content
  • OAOpen Access Content
  • SSubscribed Content
  • TFree Trial Content
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd