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On the validity of the effective density fluid model as an approximation of a poroelastic sediment layer
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The effective density fluid model (EDFM) was developed to approximate the behavior of sediments governed by Biots theory of poroelasticity. Previously, it has been shown that the EDFM predicts reflection coefficients and backscattering strengths that are in close agreement with those of the full Biot model for the case of a homogeneous poroelastic half-space. However, it has not yet been determined to what extent the EDFM can be used in place of the full Biot-Stoll model for other cases. Using the finite element method, the flat-interface reflection and rough-interface backscattering predictions of the Biot-Stoll model and the EDFM are compared for the case of a poroelastic layer overlying an elastic substrate. It is shown that considerable differences between the predictions of the two models can exist when the layer is very thin and has a thickness comparable to the wavelength of the shear wave supported by the layer, with a particularly strong disparity under the conditions of a shear wave resonance. For thicker layers, the predictions of the two models are found to be in closer agreement, approaching nearly exact agreement as the layer thickness increases.
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